TreeView QML Type

Provides a tree view with scroll bars, styling and header sections. More...

Import Statement: import QtQuick.Controls 1.4
Since: Qt 5.5
Inherits:

ScrollView

Properties

Signals

Methods

Detailed Description

A TreeView implements a tree representation of items from a model.

Data for each row in the TreeView is provided by the model. TreeView accepts models derived from the QAbstractItemModel class.

You provide title and size of a column header by adding a TableViewColumn as demonstrated below.

TreeView {
    TableViewColumn {
        title: "Name"
        role: "fileName"
        width: 300
    }
    TableViewColumn {
        title: "Permissions"
        role: "filePermissions"
        width: 100
    }
    model: fileSystemModel
}

The header sections are attached to values in the model by defining the model role they attach to. Each property in the model will then be shown in their corresponding column.

You can customize the look by overriding the itemDelegate, rowDelegate, or headerDelegate properties.

The view itself does not provide sorting. This has to be done on the model itself. However you can provide sorting on the model, and enable sort indicators on headers.

  • int sortIndicatorColumn - The index of the current sort column
  • bool sortIndicatorVisible - Whether the sort indicator should be enabled
  • enum sortIndicatorOrder - Qt.AscendingOrder or Qt.DescendingOrder depending on state

You can create a custom appearance for a TreeView by assigning a TreeViewStyle.

Property Documentation

alternatingRowColors : bool

This property is set to true if the view alternates the row color. The default value is true.


backgroundVisible : bool

This property determines if the background should be filled or not.

The default value is true.

Note: The rowDelegate is not affected by this property


[read-only] columnCount : int

The current number of columns


contentFooter : Component

This is the content footer of the view.


contentHeader : Component

This is the content header of the view.


currentIndex : QModelIndex

The model index of the current row in the tree view.


headerDelegate : Component

This property defines a delegate to draw a header.

In the header delegate you have access to the following special properties:

  • styleData.value - the value or text for this item
  • styleData.column - the index of the column
  • styleData.pressed - true when the column is being pressed
  • styleData.containsMouse - true when the column is under the mouse
  • styleData.textAlignment - the horizontal text alignment of the column (since QtQuickControls 1.1)

headerVisible : bool

This property determines if the header is visible. The default value is true.


itemDelegate : Component

This property defines a delegate to draw a specific cell.

In the item delegate you have access to the following special properties:

  • styleData.selected - if the item is currently selected
  • styleData.value - the value or text for this item
  • styleData.textColor - the default text color for an item
  • styleData.row - the index of the view row
  • styleData.column - the index of the view column
  • styleData.elideMode - the elide mode of the column
  • styleData.textAlignment - the horizontal text alignment of the column
  • styleData.pressed - true when the item is pressed
  • styleData.hasActiveFocus - true when the row has focus
  • styleData.index - the QModelIndex of the current item in the model
  • styleData.depth - the depth of the current item in the model
  • styleData.isExpanded - true when the item is expanded
  • styleData.hasChildren - true if the model index of the current item has or can have children
  • styleData.hasSibling - true if the model index of the current item has a sibling

Example:

itemDelegate: Item {
    Text {
        anchors.verticalCenter: parent.verticalCenter
        color: styleData.textColor
        elide: styleData.elideMode
        text: styleData.value
    }
}

Note: For performance reasons, created delegates can be recycled across multiple table rows. This implies that when you make use of implicit properties such as styleData.row or model, these values can change after the delegate has been constructed. This means that you should not assume that content is fixed when Component.onCompleted is called, but instead rely on bindings to such properties.


model : QAbstractItemModel

This property holds the model providing data for the tree view.

The model provides the set of data that is displayed by the view. The TreeView accept models derived from the QAbstractItemModel class.


rootIndex : QModelIndex

The model index of the root item in the tree view. The root item is the parent item to the view's top-level items. Only items descending from the root item will be visible in the view.

Its default value is an invalid QModelIndex, which means the whole model data is shown by the tree view (assigning undefined to this proprety resets it to its default value.)

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 1.5.


rowDelegate : Component

This property defines a delegate to draw a row.

In the row delegate you have access to the following special properties:

  • styleData.alternate - true when the row uses the alternate background color
  • styleData.selected - true when the row is currently selected
  • styleData.row - the index of the row
  • styleData.hasActiveFocus - true when the row has focus (since QtQuick.Controls 1.3)
  • styleData.pressed - true when the row is pressed (since QtQuick.Controls 1.3)

Note: For performance reasons, created delegates can be recycled across multiple table rows. This implies that when you make use of implicit properties such as styleData.row or model, these values can change after the delegate has been constructed. This means that you should not assume that content is fixed when Component.onCompleted is called, but instead rely on bindings to such properties.


selection : ItemSelectionModel

By default the selection model is null and only single selection is supported.

To use a different selection mode as described in selectionMode, an ItemSelectionModel must by set to the selection.

For example:

TreeView {
   model: myModel
   selection: ItemSelectionModel {
        model: myModel
   }
   TableViewColumn {
       role: "name"
       title: "Name
   }
}

See also selectionMode.


selectionMode : int

This enum indicates how the view responds to user selections:

The possible modes are:

  • SelectionMode.NoSelection - Items cannot be selected.
  • SelectionMode.SingleSelection - When the user selects an item, any already-selected item becomes unselected, and the user cannot unselect the selected item. (Default)
  • SelectionMode.MultiSelection - When the user selects an item in the usual way, the selection status of that item is toggled and the other items are left alone.
  • SelectionMode.ExtendedSelection - When the user selects an item in the usual way, the selection is cleared and the new item selected. However, if the user presses the Ctrl key when clicking on an item, the clicked item gets toggled and all other items are left untouched. If the user presses the Shift key while clicking on an item, all items between the current item and the clicked item are selected or unselected, depending on the state of the clicked item. Multiple items can be selected by dragging the mouse over them.
  • SelectionMode.ContiguousSelection - When the user selects an item in the usual way, the selection is cleared and the new item selected. However, if the user presses the Shift key while clicking on an item, all items between the current item and the clicked item are selected.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 1.1.


sortIndicatorColumn : int

Index of the current sort column. The default value is 0.


sortIndicatorOrder : int

This sets the sorting order of the sort indicator The allowed values are:

  • Qt.AscendingOrder - the default
  • Qt.DescendingOrder

sortIndicatorVisible : bool

This property shows or hides the sort indicator The default value is false.

Note: The view itself does not sort the data.


Signal Documentation

activated(QModelIndex index)

Emitted when the user activates a row in the tree by mouse or keyboard interaction. Mouse activation is triggered by single- or double-clicking, depending on the platform.

index is the model index of the activated row in the tree.

Note: This signal is only emitted for mouse interaction that is not blocked in the row or item delegate.

The corresponding handler is onActivated.


clicked(QModelIndex index)

Emitted when the user clicks a valid row in the tree by single clicking

index is the model index of the clicked row in the tree.

Note: This signal is only emitted if the row or item delegate does not accept mouse events.

The corresponding handler is onClicked.


collapsed(QModelIndex index)

Emitted when a valid row in the tree is collapsed, hiding its children.

index is the model index of the collapsed row in the tree.

Note: This signal is only emitted if the row or item delegate does not accept mouse events.

The corresponding handler is onCollapsed.


doubleClicked(QModelIndex index)

Emitted when the user double clicks a valid row.

index is the model index of the double clicked row in the tree.

Note: This signal is only emitted if the row or item delegate does not accept mouse events.

The corresponding handler is onDoubleClicked.


expanded(QModelIndex index)

Emitted when a valid row in the tree is expanded, displaying its children.

index is the model index of the expanded row in the tree.

Note: This signal is only emitted if the row or item delegate does not accept mouse events.

The corresponding handler is onExpanded.


pressAndHold(QModelIndex index)

Emitted when the user presses and holds a valid row in the tree.

index is the model index of the pressed row in the tree.

Note: This signal is only emitted if the row or item delegate does not accept mouse events.

The corresponding handler is onPressAndHold.


Method Documentation

TableViewColumn addColumn(object column)

Adds a column and returns the added column.

The column argument can be an instance of TableViewColumn, or a Component. The component has to contain a TableViewColumn. Otherwise null is returned.


void collapse(QModelIndex index)

Collapses the model item specified by the index.

See also collapsed and isExpanded.


void expand(QModelIndex index)

Expands the model item specified by the index.

See also expanded and isExpanded.


TableViewColumn getColumn(int index)

Returns the column at the given index or null if the index is invalid.


QModelIndex indexAt( int x, int y)

Returns the model index of the visible row at the point x, y in content coordinates. If there is no visible row at the point specified, an invalid QModelIndex is returned.

Note: This method should only be called after the component has completed.


TableViewColumn insertColumn(int index, object column)

Inserts a column at the given index and returns the inserted column.

The column argument can be an instance of TableViewColumn, or a Component. The component has to contain a TableViewColumn. Otherwise null is returned.


bool isExpanded(QModelIndex index)

Returns true if the model item index is expanded; otherwise returns false.

See also expanded and expand.


void moveColumn(int from, int to)

Moves a column from index to another.


void removeColumn(int index)

Removes and destroys a column at the given index.


void resizeColumnsToContents()

Resizes all columns to ensure that the column contents and the headers will fit.

This QML method was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 1.2.


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