QScxmlCppDataModel Class

The QScxmlCppDataModel class is a C++ data model for a Qt SCXML state machine. More...

Header: #include <QScxmlCppDataModel>
qmake: QT += scxml
Since: Qt 5.7
Inherits: QScxmlDataModel

Public Functions

QScxmlCppDataModel(QObject *parent = nullptr)
bool inState(const QString &stateName) const
const QScxmlEvent &scxmlEvent() const

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual void evaluateAssignment(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok) override
virtual void evaluateForeach(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok, QScxmlDataModel::ForeachLoopBody *body) override
virtual void evaluateInitialization(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok) override
virtual bool hasScxmlProperty(const QString &name) const override
virtual QVariant scxmlProperty(const QString &name) const override
virtual void setScxmlEvent(const QScxmlEvent &event) override
virtual bool setScxmlProperty(const QString &name, const QVariant &value, const QString &context) override
virtual bool setup(const QVariantMap &initialDataValues) override

Additional Inherited Members

Detailed Description

The QScxmlCppDataModel class is a C++ data model for a Qt SCXML state machine.

The C++ data model for SCXML lets you write C++ code for expr attributes and <script> elements. The data part of the data model is backed by a subclass of QScxmlCppDataModel, for which the Qt SCXML compiler (qscxmlc) will generate the dispatch methods. It cannot be used when loading an SCXML file at runtime.

Usage is through the datamodel attribute of the <scxml> element:

<scxml datamodel="cplusplus:TheDataModel:thedatamodel.h"  ....>

The format of the datamodel attribute is: cplusplus:<class-name>:<classdef-header>. So, for the example above, there should be a file thedatamodel.h containing a subclass of QScxmlCppDataModel, containing at least the following:

#include "qscxmlcppdatamodel.h"

class TheDataModel: public QScxmlCppDataModel
{
    Q_OBJECT
    Q_SCXML_DATAMODEL
};

The Q_SCXML_DATAMODEL has to appear in the private section of the class definition, for example right after the opening bracket, or after a Q_OBJECT macro. This macro expands to the declaration of some virtual methods whose implementation is generated by the Qt SCXML compiler.

The Qt SCXML compiler will generate the various evaluateTo methods, and convert expressions and scripts into lambdas inside those methods. For example:

<scxml datamodel="cplusplus:TheDataModel:thedatamodel.h" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/07/scxml" version="1.0" name="MediaPlayerStateMachine">
    <state id="stopped">
        <transition event="tap" cond="isValidMedia()" target="playing"/>
    </state>

    <state id="playing">
        <onentry>
            <script>
                media = eventData().value(QStringLiteral(&quot;media&quot;)).toString();
            </script>
            <send event="playbackStarted">
                <param name="media" expr="media"/>
            </send>
        </onentry>
    </state>
</scxml>

This will result in:

bool TheDataModel::evaluateToBool(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok) {
    // ....
        return [this]()->bool{ return isValidMedia(); }();
    // ....
}

QVariant TheDataModel::evaluateToVariant(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok) {
    // ....
        return [this]()->QVariant{ return media; }();
    // ....
}

void TheDataModel::evaluateToVoid(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok) {
    // ....
        [this]()->void{ media = eventData().value(QStringLiteral("media")).toString(); }();
    // ....
}

So, you are not limited to call functions. In a <script> element you can put zero or more C++ statements, and in cond or expr attributes you can use any C++ expression that can be converted to the respective bool or QVariant. And, as the this pointer is also captured, you can call or access the data model (the media attribute in the example above). For the full example, see Qt SCXML: Media Player QML Example (C++ Data Model).

See also QScxmlStateMachine and QScxmlDataModel.

Member Function Documentation

QScxmlCppDataModel::QScxmlCppDataModel(QObject *parent = nullptr)

Creates a new C++ data model with the parent object parent.

[override virtual] void QScxmlCppDataModel::evaluateAssignment(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok)

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::evaluateAssignment().

This method does not perform any action, ignores id, and sets ok to false. Override it in your specific data model in order to implement <assign>.

[override virtual] void QScxmlCppDataModel::evaluateForeach(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok, QScxmlDataModel::ForeachLoopBody *body)

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::evaluateForeach().

This method does not perform any action, ignores id and body, and sets ok to false. Override it in your specific data model in order to implement <foreach>.

[override virtual] void QScxmlCppDataModel::evaluateInitialization(QScxmlExecutableContent::EvaluatorId id, bool *ok)

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::evaluateInitialization().

This method does not perform any action, ignores id, and sets ok to false. Override it in your specific data model in order to implement <data>.

[override virtual] bool QScxmlCppDataModel::hasScxmlProperty(const QString &name) const

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::hasScxmlProperty().

This method always returns false and ignores name. Override it to implement the lookup of data model properties via the location attribute of various elements.

bool QScxmlCppDataModel::inState(const QString &stateName) const

Returns true if the state machine is in the state specified by stateName, false otherwise.

const QScxmlEvent &QScxmlCppDataModel::scxmlEvent() const

Holds the current event that is being processed by the state machine.

See also SCXML Specification - 5.10 System Variables for the description of the _event variable.

Returns the event currently being processed.

See also setScxmlEvent().

[override virtual] QVariant QScxmlCppDataModel::scxmlProperty(const QString &name) const

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::scxmlProperty().

This method always returns an empty QVariant and ignores name. Override it to implement the lookup of data model properties via the location attribute of various elements.

See also setScxmlProperty().

[override virtual] void QScxmlCppDataModel::setScxmlEvent(const QScxmlEvent &event)

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::setScxmlEvent().

Sets the event that will be processed next.

See also QScxmlCppDataModel::scxmlEvent.

[override virtual] bool QScxmlCppDataModel::setScxmlProperty(const QString &name, const QVariant &value, const QString &context)

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::setScxmlProperty().

This method always returns false and ignores name, value, and context. Override it to implement the lookup of data model properties via the location attribute of various elements.

See also scxmlProperty().

[override virtual] bool QScxmlCppDataModel::setup(const QVariantMap &initialDataValues)

Reimplemented from QScxmlDataModel::setup().

Called during state machine initialization to set up a state machine using the initial values for data model variables specified by their keys, initialDataValues. These are the values specified by <param> tags in an <invoke> element.

Note: This function can be invoked via the meta-object system and from QML. See Q_INVOKABLE.

See also QScxmlStateMachine::init.

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