Qt 3D: Audio Visualizer Example

Demonstrates combining Qt 3D rendering and Qt Quick 2 elements.

Audio Visualizer demonstrates how to implement an application that combines the use of Qt 3D rendering with Qt Quick 2D elements. The example uses media player to play music and it visualizes the magnitude of the music as animated bars.

Running the Example

To run the example from Qt Creator, open the Welcome mode and select the example from Examples. For more information, visit Building and Running an Example.

Qt Quick 2D Implementation

The Qt Quick Implementation in audio-visualizer-qml/main.qml of the example uses MediaPlayer to play audio content.

MediaPlayer {
    id: mediaPlayer
    autoPlay: true
    volume: 0.5
    source: "qrc:/music/tiltshifted_lost_neon_sun.mp3"

The player is controlled with the playButton and c{stopButton}. Based on the clicked buttons the state of the mainview changes.

The 3D content is rendered using the Scene3D type. The state of the Audio Visualizer is maintained in the mainview. It's passed on to the visualizer as it's needed for the bar animations.

Scene3D {
    anchors.fill: parent

    Visualizer {
        id: visualizer
        animationState: mainview.state
        numberOfBars: 120
        barRotationTimeMs: 8160 // 68 ms per bar

Qt 3D Implementation

The 3D elements of the example are created in audio-visualizer-qml/Visualizer.qml. The camera is set to a fixed position to show the visualized bars from a correct angle.

Camera {
    id: camera
    projectionType: CameraLens.PerspectiveProjection
    fieldOfView: 45
    aspectRatio: 1820 / 1080
    nearPlane: 0.1
    farPlane: 1000.0
    position: Qt.vector3d(0.014, 0.956, 2.178)
    upVector: Qt.vector3d(0.0, 1.0, 0.0)
    viewCenter: Qt.vector3d(0.0, 0.7, 0.0)

A NodeInstantiator is used to create the bars that visualize the magnitude of the music.

// Bars
CuboidMesh {
    id: barMesh
    xExtent: 0.1
    yExtent: 0.1
    zExtent: 0.1

NodeInstantiator {
    id: collection
    property int maxCount: parent.numberOfBars
    model: maxCount

    delegate: BarEntity {
        id: cubicEntity
        entityMesh: barMesh
        rotationTimeMs: sceneRoot.barRotationTimeMs
        entityIndex: index
        entityCount: sceneRoot.numberOfBars
        entityAnimationsState: animationState
        magnitude: 0

The visualizer also contains an Entity to show the progress. This element has a curve shaped mesh and it's rotated on a level to show the progress based on the duration of the played track.

// Progress
Mesh {
    id: progressMesh
    source: "qrc:/meshes/progressbar.obj"

Transform {
    id: progressTransform
    property real defaultStartAngle: -90
    property real progressAngle: defaultStartAngle
    rotationY: progressAngle

Entity {
    property Material progressMaterial: PhongMaterial {
        ambient: "#80C342"
        diffuse: "black"

    components: [progressMesh, progressMaterial, progressTransform]

In audio-visualizer-qml/BarEntity.qml there are animations for rotating the bars and changing the bar color. The bars are rotated on a level following a ring form. At the same time the color of the bars is animated.

QQ2.NumberAnimation {
    id: angleAnimation
    target: angleTransform
    property: "barAngle"
    duration: rotationTimeMs
    loops: QQ2.Animation.Infinite
    running: true
    from: startAngle
    to: 360 + startAngle
QQ2.SequentialAnimation on barColor {
    id: barColorAnimations
    running: false

    QQ2.ColorAnimation {
        from: lowColor
        to: highColor
        duration: animationDuration

    QQ2.PauseAnimation {
        duration: animationDuration

    QQ2.ColorAnimation {
        from: highColor
        to: lowColor
        duration: animationDuration

The magnitude of each bar is read from a separate .raw file that is based on the track being played. As the bars rotate around the ring the height is scaled to highlight currently played position. After a full round of rotation, a new value is fetched for the bar.

Example project @ code.qt.io

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