Develop Qt for Python applications
The following sections describe using Qt Creator for developing with Qt for Python:
- Set up PySide6
- Create Qt for Python applications
- Select the Python interpreter
- Create a virtual environment
- Use Python interactive shell
- Python Language Server
- Running Python projects
- Specifying Run Settings for Python Projects
- Launching the Debugger
For more information about developing with Qt for Python, including limitations, see Qt for Python.
If you have not installed the required version of PySide6, Qt Creator prompts you to do so when you open a .py file.
Further, Qt Creator prompts you to install the Python language server that offers services such as code completion and annotations. Select Install to install PySide6 and the language server.
You can use wizards to create Qt for Python application projects. The wizards generate a project file,
.pyproject, that lists the files in the Python project. They also generate a
.py file that has some boilerplate code. In addition, the widget-based UI wizard creates a
.ui file that has a Qt Designer form, and the Qt Quick Application wizard creates a
.qml file that imports Qt Quick controls.
Note: Before importing UI classes and after editing them, create the Python code from your UI form. In PySide6, run
pyside6-uic form.ui -o ui_form.py in the Terminal view.
The Window wizard adds code to the source file, without the UI file.
The Empty wizard adds code to the source file, but it does not add any classes, so you need to add and instantiate them yourself.
.pyproject files are JSON-based configuration files that replace the previously used
.pyqtc configuration files. You can still open and use
.pyqtc files, but we recommend that you choose
.pyproject files for new projects.
You select the initial Python interpreter when you use the Qt for Python Application wizard templates to create Python projects.
You can see the current Python interpreter on the Edit mode toolbar.
You can change the interpreter to use for a particular project in Projects > Run > Interpreter.
To see the available interpreters and choose another interpreter, select the current interpreter, and then select Manage Python Interpreters. Or, select Preferences > Python > Interpreters.
You can add and remove interpreters and clean up references to interpreters that you uninstalled, but that still appear in the list. In addition, you can set the interpreter to use by default.
To use a clean Python virtual environment (
venv) that is independent of your global Python installation for a Qt for Python project, select the Create new virtual environment check box in the project wizard. Set the directory where to create the environment in Path to virtual environment.
To start the shell and import the current file as a module, select REPL Import File. To also import all functions from the file, select REPL Import *.
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