Qt Creator integrates the Qt Test framework and Google C++ Testing Framework for unit testing applications and libraries. You can use Qt Creator to build and run Qt tests, Qt Quick tests (QML-based Qt tests), and Google tests for your projects.
To enable the experimental Auto Test plugin, select Help > About Plugins > Utilities > Auto Test. Restart Qt Creator to be able to use the plugin.
Creating Qt Tests
You can use a wizard to create projects that contain Qt tests:
- Select File > New File or Project > Other Project > Auto Test > Choose to create a project with boilerplate code for a Qt test.
- In the Project and Test Information dialog, specify settings for the project and test:
- Select the GUI Application check box to create a Qt application.
- In the Test case name field, enter a name for the test case.
- Select the Requires QApplication check box to add the include statement for QApplication to the main.cpp file of the project.
- Select the Generate initialization and cleanup code checkbox to add functions to your test that are executed by the testing framework to initialize and clean up the test.
- In the Build auto tests field, select Always to always build the test when building the project or Debug Only to only build it during debug builds.
Qt Creator creates the test in the
tests\auto directory in the project directory. Edit the .cpp file to add private slots for each test function in your test. For more information about creating Qt tests, see Creating a Test.
Setting Up the Google C++ Testing Framework
To build and run Google tests, you must have the Google C++ Testing framework installed and configured on the development host. You can either clone it from Git Hub or install it from an installation package.
To configure a project to use a cloned Google testing framework, edit the
INCLUDEPATH variable in the project file (.pro) to include the source and
include folders of Google Test's
googlemock. Usually, you need to add the following subfolders:
You also need to add the necessary files to the
SOURCES variable. For example:
To configure a project to use an installed Google testing framework package, add the following include paths to the .pro file:
Then add linker options to be able to find the libraries and to link against them. For example, for qmake based projects, you typically need to add the following values to the .pro file:
LIBS += -lgtest -L<path_to_gtest_lib>
LIBS += -lgmock -L<path_to_gmock_lib>
To specify settings for running Google tests, select Tools > Options > Test Settings.
To run disabled tests, select the Run disabled tests check box.
To run several iterations of the tests, select the Repeat tests check box and enter the number of times the tests should be run in the Iterations field. To make sure that the tests are independent and repeatable, you can run them in a different order each time by selecting the Shuffle tests check box.
For more information about creating Google tests, see the Google Test Primer.
Building and Running Tests
To build and run tests:
- Open a project that contains tests.
- In the Test Results output pane, select (Run All Tests) to run all test or (Run Selected Tests) to run the selected tests.
You can select the tests to run in the Tests view in the Projects pane. For more information, see Viewing Tests.
Note: By default, Qt Creator builds a project before deploying and running it.
If a test takes more than a minute to execute, the default timeout might stop the test execution. To increase the timeout, select Tools > Options > Test Settings.
Qt Creator scans the project for tests when you open the project and updates the test list when you edit tests. To only update the test list when the Tests view or the Test Results output pane is open, deselect the Always parse current project for tests check box.
The code inside a benchmark test is measured, and possibly also repeated several times in order to get an accurate measurement. This depends on the measurement back-end that you can select in Test Settings: walltime, CPU tick counter, event counter, Vallgrind Callgring, and Linux Perf. For more information, see Creating a Benchmark.
Viewing Test Output
The test results are displayed in the Test Results output pane.
|BFAIL||Blacklisted test case failed. Since Qt 5.4, you can provide a BLACKLIST file for tests. It is mainly used internally by the Qt CI system.|
|BPASS||Blacklisted test case passed.|
|XFAIL||Test case is expected to fail, so it is marked by using the QEXPECT_FAIL macro. If the test case passes instead, an unexpected pass (XPASS) is written to the test log.|
|FAIL||Test case failed. Double-click the line for more information.|
|PASS||Test case passed.|
|SKIP||Test case was skipped.|
|XPASS||Test case passed even though it was expected to fail.|
To view only messages of a particular type, select (Filter Test Results), and then select the types of messages to show.
To hide internal messages and run configuration warnings, select Tools > Options > Test Settings.
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