Tree Model Completer Example#

The Tree Model Completer example shows how to provide completion facilities for a hierarchical model, using a period as the separator to access Child, GrandChild and GrandGrandChild level objects.

../_images/treemodelcompleter-example.png

Similar to the Completer Example , we provide QComboBox objects to enable selection for completion mode and case sensitivity, as well as a QCheckBox for wrap completions.

The Resource File#

The contents of the TreeModelCompleter is read from treemodel.txt. This file is embedded within the treemodelcompleter.qrc resource file, which contains the following:

<Code snippet "/data/snapshot-qt5full-6.3/qt5/qtbase/tools/treemodelcompleter/treemodelcompleter.qrc" not found>

TreeModelCompleter Class Definition#

The TreeModelCompleter is a subclass of QCompleter with two constructors - one with parent as an argument and another with parent and model as arguments.

class TreeModelCompleter(QCompleter):

    Q_OBJECT
    Q_PROPERTY(QString separator READ separator WRITE setSeparator)
# public
    TreeModelCompleter = explicit(QObject parent = None)
    TreeModelCompleter = explicit(QAbstractItemModel model, QObject parent = None)
    separator = QString()
slots: = public()
    def setSeparator(separator):
protected:
    splitPath = QStringList(QString path)
    pathFromIndex = QString(QModelIndex index)
# private
    sep = QString()

The class reimplements the protected functions splitPath() and pathFromIndex() to suit a tree model. For more information on customizing QCompleter to suit tree models, refer to Handling Tree Models .

TreeModelCompleter also has a separator property which is declared using the Q_PROPERTY() macro. The separator has READ and WRITE attributes and the corresponding functions separator() and setSeparator(). For more information on Q_PROPERTY() , refer to Qt’s Property System .

TreeModelCompleter Class Implementation#

The first constructor constructs a TreeModelCompleter object with a parent while the second constructor constructs an object with a parent and a QAbstractItemModel , model.

def __init__(self, parent):
    super().__init__(parent)
def __init__(self, model, parent):
    super().__init__(model, parent)

The separator() function is a getter function that returns the separator string.

def separator(self):

    return sep

As mentioned earlier, the splitPath() function is reimplemented because the default implementation is more suited to QFileSystemModel or list models. In order for QCompleter to split the path into a list of strings that are matched at each level, we split it using split() with sep as its separator.

def splitPath(self, QString path):

    return (sep.isNull() if QCompleter.splitPath(path) else path.split(sep))

The pathFromIndex() function returns data for the completionRole() for a tree model. This function is reimplemented as its default implementation is more suitable for list models. If there is no separator, we use QCompleter ‘s default implementation, otherwise we use the prepend() function to navigate upwards and accumulate the data. The function then returns a QStringList , dataList, using a separator to join objects of different levels.

def pathFromIndex(self, QModelIndex index):

    if sep.isNull():
        return QCompleter.pathFromIndex(index)
    # navigate up and accumulate data
    dataList = QStringList()
        for (QModelIndex i = index; i.isValid(); i = i.parent())
        dataList.prepend(model().data(i, completionRole()).toString())
    return dataList.join(sep)

MainWindow Class Definition#

The MainWindow class is a subclass of QMainWindow and implements five custom slots: about(), changeCase(), changeMode(), highlight(), and updateContentsLabel().

class MainWindow(QMainWindow):

    Q_OBJECT
# public
    MainWindow(QWidget parent = None)
slots: = private()
    def about():
    def changeCase(int):
    def changeMode(int):
    def highlight(index):
    def updateContentsLabel(sep):

In addition, the class has two private functions, createMenu() and modelFromFile(), as well as private instances of QTreeView , QComboBox , QLabel , TreeModelCompleter and QLineEdit .

# private
    def createMenu():
    modelFromFile = QAbstractItemModel(QString fileName)
    treeView = None()
    caseCombo = None()
    modeCombo = None()
    contentsLabel = None()
    completer = None()
    lineEdit = None()

MainWindow Class Implementation#

The MainWindow's constructor creates a MainWindow object with a parent and initializes the completer and lineEdit. The createMenu() function is invoked to set up the “File” menu and “Help” menu. The completer's model is set to the QAbstractItemModel obtained from modelFromFile(), and the highlighted() signal is connected to MainWindow's highlight() slot.

def __init__(self, parent):
    super().__init__(parent)

    createMenu()
    completer = TreeModelCompleter(self)
    completer.setModel(modelFromFile(":/resources/treemodel.txt"))
    completer.setSeparator(".")
    QObject.connect(completer, QOverload<QModelIndex >.of(TreeModelCompleter.highlighted),
                     self.highlight)
    centralWidget = QWidget()
    modelLabel = QLabel()
    modelLabel.setText(tr("Tree Model<br>(Double click items to edit)"))
    modeLabel = QLabel()
    modeLabel.setText(tr("Completion Mode"))
    modeCombo = QComboBox
    modeCombo.addItem(tr("Inline"))
    modeCombo.addItem(tr("Filtered Popup"))
    modeCombo.addItem(tr("Unfiltered Popup"))
    modeCombo.setCurrentIndex(1)
    caseLabel = QLabel()
    caseLabel.setText(tr("Case Sensitivity"))
    caseCombo = QComboBox
    caseCombo.addItem(tr("Case Insensitive"))
    caseCombo.addItem(tr("Case Sensitive"))
    caseCombo.setCurrentIndex(0)

The QLabel objects modelLabel, modeLabel and caseLabel are instantiated. Also, the QComboBox objects, modeCombo and caseCombo, are instantiated and populated. By default, the completer's mode is “Filtered Popup” and the case is insensitive.

separatorLabel = QLabel()
separatorLabel.setText(tr("Tree Separator"))
separatorLineEdit = QLineEdit()
separatorLineEdit.setText(completer.separator())
separatorLineEdit.textChanged.connect(
        completer.setSeparator)
wrapCheckBox = QCheckBox()
wrapCheckBox.setText(tr("Wrap around completions"))
wrapCheckBox.setChecked(completer.wrapAround())
wrapCheckBox.clicked.connect(completer.setWrapAround)
contentsLabel = QLabel
contentsLabel.setSizePolicy(QSizePolicy.Fixed, QSizePolicy.Fixed)
separatorLineEdit.textChanged.connect(
        self.updateContentsLabel)
treeView = QTreeView
treeView.setModel(completer.model())
treeView.header().hide()
treeView.expandAll()
modeCombo.activated.connect(
        self.changeMode)
caseCombo.activated.connect(
        self.changeMode)
lineEdit = QLineEdit
lineEdit.setCompleter(completer)

We use a QGridLayout to place all the objects in the MainWindow.

layout = QGridLayout()
layout.addWidget(modelLabel, 0, 0); layout.addWidget(treeView, 0, 1)
layout.addWidget(modeLabel, 1, 0); layout.addWidget(modeCombo, 1, 1)
layout.addWidget(caseLabel, 2, 0); layout.addWidget(caseCombo, 2, 1)
layout.addWidget(separatorLabel, 3, 0); layout.addWidget(separatorLineEdit, 3, 1)
layout.addWidget(wrapCheckBox, 4, 0)
layout.addWidget(contentsLabel, 5, 0, 1, 2)
layout.addWidget(lineEdit, 6, 0, 1, 2)
centralWidget.setLayout(layout)
setCentralWidget(centralWidget)
changeCase(caseCombo.currentIndex())
changeMode(modeCombo.currentIndex())
setWindowTitle(tr("Tree Model Completer"))
lineEdit.setFocus()

The createMenu() function sets up the QAction objects required and adds them to the “File” menu and “Help” menu. The triggered() signals from these actions are connected to their respective slots.

def createMenu(self):

    exitAction = QAction(tr("Exit"), self)
    aboutAct = QAction(tr("About"), self)
    aboutQtAct = QAction(tr("About Qt"), self)
    exitAction.triggered.connect(qApp.quit)
    aboutAct.triggered.connect(self.about)
    aboutQtAct.triggered.connect(qApp.aboutQt)
    fileMenu = menuBar().addMenu(tr("File"))
    fileMenu.addAction(exitAction)
    helpMenu = menuBar().addMenu(tr("About"))
    helpMenu.addAction(aboutAct)
    helpMenu.addAction(aboutQtAct)

The changeMode() function accepts an index corresponding to the user’s choice of completion mode and changes the completer's mode accordingly.

def changeMode(self, index):

    QCompleter.CompletionMode mode
    if index == 0:
        mode = QCompleter.InlineCompletion
    elif index == 1:
        mode = QCompleter.PopupCompletion
else:
        mode = QCompleter.UnfilteredPopupCompletion
    completer.setCompletionMode(mode)

The about() function provides a brief description on the Tree Model Completer example.

def about(self):

    QMessageBox.about(self, tr("About"), tr("This example demonstrates how "
        "to use a QCompleter with a custom tree model."))

The changeCase() function alternates between Case Sensitive and Case Insensitive modes, depending on the value of cs.

def changeCase(self, cs):

    completer.setCaseSensitivity(cs if Qt.CaseSensitive else Qt.CaseInsensitive)

`` main()``

Function#

The main() function instantiates MainWindow and invokes the show() function to display it.

if __name__ == "__main__":

    Q_INIT_RESOURCE(treemodelcompleter)
    app = QApplication([])
    window = MainWindow()
    window.show()
    sys.exit(app.exec())

Example project @ code.qt.io