Getting Started#


This page is focused on building Qt for Python from source. If you just want to install PySide6, you need to run: pip install pyside6.

For more details, refer to our Quick start guide. Additionally, you can check the FAQ related to the project.

General Requirements#

The following prerequisites must be installed before you build Qt for Python. On Linux you might get them with your operating system package manager, on macOS you might get them with brew, and on Windows you can download the installer from each website.

Guides per platform#

You can refer to the following pages for platform specific instructions:


Qt for Python does not yet support WebAssembly and the mobile operating systems (Android or iOS). Most Linux-based embedded OS provide PySide with their official package manager (for example, Raspbian and ArchlinuxARM).

A normal building command will look like this:

python install --qtpaths=/path/to/qtpaths \
                        --ignore-git \
                        --debug \
                        --build-tests \
                        --parallel=8 \
                        --verbose-build \

Which will build and install the project with debug symbols, including the tests, using ninja (instead of make), and considering only the module subset of QtCore, QtGui, and QtWidgets.

CMake Unity Build Mode is used by default for speed-up.

Other important options to consider are:
  • --cmake, to specify the path to the cmake binary,

  • --reuse-build, to rebuild only the modified files,

  • --openssl=/path/to/openssl/bin, to use a different path for OpenSSL,

  • --standalone, to copy over the Qt libraries into the final package to make it work on other machines,

  • --build-docs, to enable the documentation build.

  • --doc-build-online, to build documentation using the online template (by default it uses the offline)

Testing the installation#

Once the installation finishes, you will be able to execute any of our examples:

python examples/widgets/widgets/

Running Tests#

Using the --build-tests option will enable us to run all the auto tests inside the project:

python test > testlog.txt


On Windows, don’t forget to have qtpaths in your path (set PATH=C:\Path\to\Qt\6.4.0\msvc2019_64\bin;%PATH%)

You can also run a specific test (for example qpainter_test) by running:

ctest -R qpainter_test --verbose

Cross Compilation#

Starting from 6.3, it is possible to cross-compile Shiboken (module), and PySide. This functionality is still in Technical Preview, which means it could change in the future releases.


The only supported configuration is using a host Linux machine to cross-compile to a Linux target platform.

Cross compiling software is a valid use case that many projects rely on, however, it is a complicated process that might fail due to many reasons.

Before starting with the process, it is important to understand the details of the build system, and the goal of cross compilation.

In the build process, a Host is the computer you are currently using to compile, and a Target is your embedded device that you are compiling for.

Qt for Python is being built using setuptools, and relies on a file that is called recursively to build Shiboken (module), Shiboken (generator), and PySide. As the generator is creating the wrappers for the bindings, it’s not cross compiled for the target. Only the Shiboken (module) and PySide are cross compiled.

The building process requires a Qt installation, and a Python interpreter on both the host, and the target. The used Qt versions on both platforms should have the same minor version. That is, Qt 6.3 (host) cannot be used with a Qt 6.2 (target), or the other way around.


It is recommended to use the same version of Qt on both host and target to avoid possible unconventional errors.


First and foremost, you need to have access to the target device because you need to copy several system files (sysroot). We recommend a Linux OS that has the latest Qt versions, like Manjaro ARM or Archlinux ARM.

  • (target) Install Qt 6.3+ on the system using the package manager.

  • (host) Install Qt 6.3+ on the system using the package manager or Qt Installer.

  • (target, host) Install the library and development packages that provide C++ headers, linkers, libraries, and compilers.

  • (target, host) Install Python interpreter v3.7 or later

  • (target, host) Install CMake 3.17+

After installing these prerequisites, copy the target sysroot to your host computer. This process is tricky, because copying system files from another computer might cause problems with the symbolic links. Here you have two options to achieve that.

Option A: Copying the files#

Create a directory to copy the sysroot of your target device, for example rpi-sysroot, and perform the copy on your host computer:

rsync -vR --progress -rl --delete-after --safe-links \
    USERNAME@TARGET_IP:/{lib,usr,opt/vc/lib} rpi-sysroot/

Ensure to replace USERNAME and TARGET_IP with your system appropriate values.

Option B: Packaging the file system#

Create a package for your sysroot in your target:

tar cfJ ~/sysroot.tar.xz /lib /usr /opt/vc/lib

Copy the package from the target to your host:

rsync -vR --progress USERNAME@TARGET_IP:sysroot.tar.xz .

Once you have the tar file, unpack it inside a rpi-sysroot directory.

Setting up the toolchain#

To perform the cross compilation, you need a special set of compilers, libraries, and headers, which runs on the host architecture, but generates (binaries/executables) for a target architecture. For example, from x86_64 to aarch64.

It is recommended to use the official 10.2 ARM Developer cross compilers, which you can find on their official website. For this tutorial, we choose aarch64 target architecture and we will assume that you downloaded the gcc-arm-10.2-2020.11-x86_64-aarch64-none-linux-gnu.tar.xz file, and unpacked it.

With those compilers, now you need a CMake toolchain file. This is a configuration file to set the compilers and sysroot information, together with extra options like compilation flags, and other details. You can use the following file as an example, but keep in mind they might vary:

# toolchain-aarch64.cmake
cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.18)


set(TARGET_SYSROOT /path/to/your/target/sysroot)
set(CROSS_COMPILER /path/to/your/crosscompiling/compilers/)


set(ENV{PKG_CONFIG_LIBDIR} ${CMAKE_SYSROOT}/usr/lib/pkgconfig:${CMAKE_SYSROOT}/usr/share/pkgconfig)

set(CMAKE_C_COMPILER ${CROSS_COMPILER}/aarch64-none-linux-gnu-gcc)
set(CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER ${CROSS_COMPILER}/aarch64-none-linux-gnu-g++)

set(QT_COMPILER_FLAGS "-march=armv8-a")
set(QT_LINKER_FLAGS "-Wl,-O1 -Wl,--hash-style=gnu -Wl,--as-needed")



function(cmake_initialize_per_config_variable _PREFIX _DOCSTRING)

      if (DEFINED QT_COMPILER_FLAGS_${config})
        set(CMAKE_${CMAKE_MATCH_1}_FLAGS_${config}_INIT "${QT_COMPILER_FLAGS_${config}}")

    foreach (config SHARED MODULE EXE)


You need to adjust the paths in these two lines:

set(TARGET_SYSROOT /path/to/your/target/sysroot)
set(CROSS_COMPILER /path/to/your/crosscompiling/compilers/)

and replace them with the sysroot directory (the one we called rpi-sysroot), and the compilers (the gcc-arm-10.2-2020.11-x86_64-aarch64-none-linux-gnu/bin directory).

Cross compiling PySide#

After you have installed the prerequisites and copied the necessary files, you should have the following:

  • The compilers to cross compile (gcc-argm-10.2-...),

  • The target sysroot (rpi-sysroot),

  • The toolchain cmake file (toolchain-aarch64.cmake),

  • The pyside-setup repository,

An example of the invocation might look like the following:

python bdist_wheel \
    --parallel=8 --ignore-git --reuse-build --standalone --limited-api=yes \
    --cmake-toolchain-file=/opt/toolchain-aarch64.cmake \
    --qt-host-path=/opt/Qt/6.3.0/gcc_64 \

Depending on the target platform, you could use linux_armv7, linux_aarch64, etc.

For embedded platforms, which typically do not have Qt and its tools fully built, the option --no-qt-tools can be used to prevent the bundling of the tools.

If the process succeeds, you will find the target wheels in your dist/ directory, for example:



  • If the auto-detection mechanism fails to find the Python or Qt installations you have in your target device, you can use two additional options:



  • In case the automatic build of the host Shiboken (generator) fails, you can specify the custom path using:


Building the documentation#

Starting from 6.3, the documentation is not being built by default. When using the second option described in this section, make sure to use the --build-docs option.

Install the specific documentation requirements in your Python virtual environment:

pip install -r requirements-doc.txt

You can find the requirements-doc.txt file in the root of the repository.

Starting from 5.15, there are two options to build the documentation:

1. Building the base documentation (no API)#

The process of parsing Qt headers to generate the PySide API documentation can take several minutes, this means that modifying a specific section of the documentation we currently have, might become a hard task. You may only care about the base documentation, which comprises all the documentation except for the API documentation.

To generate this, execute the following command:

python build_base_docs

This will generate an html/ directory with the following structure:

└── pyside6
    ├── index.html
    ├── ...
    └── shiboken6
        ├── index.html
        └── ...

so you can open the main page html/pyside6/index.html on your browser to check the generated files.

This is useful when updating the general sections of the documentation, adding tutorials, modifying the build instructions, and more.


In case you are interested in only generating the Example Gallery, you would need to run python tools/example_gallery/ to generate the examples documentation for the gallery. This will also be used internally by the build_base_docs target

2. Building the documentation (Base + API)#

The documentation is being generated using qdoc to get the API information, and also sphinx for the local Python related notes.

The system requires the libxml2 and libxslt libraries.

After installing graphviz (included in the requirements-doc.txt file), the dot command needs to be in PATH, otherwise, the process will fail. Installing graphviz system-wide is also an option.

Since the process relies on a Qt installation, you need to specify where the qtbase directory of a Qt source tree is located by passing it to the command line option --qt-src-dir.

Once the common build process finishes (remember to use --build-docs to enable the documentation build, and --doc-build-online to get the HTML files), you can go to the generated build/<your_env_name>/build/pyside6 directory, and run:

ninja apidoc

You can add -j X, to perform the build process in parallel with X processes.


The apidoc make target builds offline documentation in QCH (Qt Compressed Help) format by default. You can switch to building for the online use with the --doc-build-online configure option.

The target executes several steps:

  1. The qdoc tool is run over the Qt source code to produce documentation in WebXML format.

  2. shiboken6 is run to extract the functions for which bindings exist from WebXML and convert it into RST.

  3. sphinx is run to produce the documentation in HTML format.

Re-running the command will not execute step 1 unless the file qdoc-output/webxml/qtcore-index.webxml is removed from the build tree. Similarly, step 2 will not be executed unless the file base/PySide6/QtCore/index.rst is removed.

Finally, you will get a html directory containing all the generated documentation. The offline help files, PySide.qch and Shiboken.qch, can be moved to any directory of your choice. You can find Shiboken.qch in the build directory, build/<your_env_name>/build/shiboken6/doc/html.

If you want to temporarily change a .rst file to examine the impact on formatting, you can re-run sphinx in the doc directory:

sphinx-build base html

Viewing offline documentation#

The offline documentation (QCH) can be viewed using the Qt Creator IDE or Qt Assistant, which is a standalone application for viewing QCH files.

To view the QCH using Qt Creator, following the instructions outlined in Using Qt Creator Help Mode. If you chose to use Qt Assistant instead, use the following command to register the QCH file before launching Qt Assistant:

assistant -register PySide.qch

Troubleshooting documentation#

The documentation uses intersphinx to link from the PySide to the Shiboken documentation. This can fail if

  • the default QCH format is used; in which case the required objects.inv files are not generated. Use --doc-build-online.

  • base and full doc builds are mixed, resulting in wrong values for the intersphinx location in the CMake files. Re-run cmake to fix this.

Using the internal tools#

A set of tools can be found under the tools/ directory inside the pyside-setup repository.

  • Script to analyze dynamic library dependencies of Mach-O binaries. To use this utility, just run:

    python /path/to/

    This script was fetched from this repository.

  • Script used to create the CHANGELOG that you can find in the dist/ directory. Usage:

    python -r 6.0.1 -v v6.0.0..6.0 -t bug-fix
  • This script can be used to find out why PySide modules fail to load with various DLL errors like Missing DLL or Missing symbol in DLL.

    You can think of it as a Windows version of ldd / LD_DEBUG.

    Underneath, it uses the cdb.exe command line debugger and the gflags.exe tool, which are installed with the latest Windows Kit.

    The aim is to help developers debug issues that they may encounter using the PySide imports on Windows. The user should then provide the generated log file.

    Incidentally it can also be used for any Windows executables, not just Python. To use it just run:

  • This script is used to compare the state of PySide and PyQt regarding available modules and classses. This content is displayed in our wiki page, and can be used as follows:

    python --qt-version 6.0.1 -w all


The script relies on BeautifulSoup to parse the content and generate a list of the missing bindings.