QImageReader

The QImageReader class provides a format independent interface for reading images from files or other devices. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader

Synopsis

Functions

Static functions

Detailed Description

The most common way to read images is through QImage and QPixmap ‘s constructors, or by calling load() and load() . QImageReader is a specialized class which gives you more control when reading images. For example, you can read an image into a specific size by calling setScaledSize() , and you can select a clip rect, effectively loading only parts of an image, by calling setClipRect() . Depending on the underlying support in the image format, this can save memory and speed up loading of images.

To read an image, you start by constructing a QImageReader object. Pass either a file name or a device pointer, and the image format to QImageReader ‘s constructor. You can then set several options, such as the clip rect (by calling setClipRect() ) and scaled size (by calling setScaledSize() ). canRead() returns the image if the QImageReader can read the image (i.e., the image format is supported and the device is open for reading). Call read() to read the image.

If any error occurs when reading the image, read() will return a null QImage . You can then call error() to find the type of error that occurred, or errorString() to get a human readable description of what went wrong.

Note

QImageReader assumes exclusive control over the file or device that is assigned. Any attempts to modify the assigned file or device during the lifetime of the QImageReader object will yield undefined results.

Formats

Call supportedImageFormats() for a list of formats that QImageReader can read. QImageReader supports all built-in image formats, in addition to any image format plugins that support reading. Call supportedMimeTypes() to obtain a list of supported MIME types, which for example can be passed to setMimeTypeFilters() .

QImageReader autodetects the image format by default, by looking at the provided (optional) format string, the file name suffix, and the data stream contents. You can enable or disable this feature, by calling setAutoDetectImageFormat() .

High Resolution Versions of Images

It is possible to provide high resolution versions of images should a scaling between device pixels and device independent pixels be in effect.

The high resolution version is marked by the suffix @2x on the base name. The image read will have its device pixel ratio set to a value of 2.

This can be disabled by setting the environment variable QT_HIGHDPI_DISABLE_2X_IMAGE_LOADING .

See also

QImageWriter QImageIOHandler QImageIOPlugin QMimeDatabase devicePixelRatio() devicePixelRatio() QIcon drawPixmap() drawImage() AA_UseHighDpiPixmaps

class QImageReader

QImageReader(device[, format=QByteArray()])

QImageReader(fileName[, format=QByteArray()])

param format

QByteArray

param device

QIODevice

param fileName

unicode

Constructs an empty QImageReader object. Before reading an image, call setDevice() or setFileName() .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.ImageReaderError

This enum describes the different types of errors that can occur when reading images with QImageReader .

Constant

Description

QImageReader.FileNotFoundError

QImageReader was used with a file name, but not file was found with that name. This can also happen if the file name contained no extension, and the file with the correct extension is not supported by Qt.

QImageReader.DeviceError

QImageReader encountered a device error when reading the image. You can consult your particular device for more details on what went wrong.

QImageReader.UnsupportedFormatError

Qt does not support the requested image format.

QImageReader.InvalidDataError

The image data was invalid, and QImageReader was unable to read an image from it. The can happen if the image file is damaged.

QImageReader.UnknownError

An unknown error occurred. If you get this value after calling read() , it is most likely caused by a bug in QImageReader .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.autoDetectImageFormat()
Return type

bool

Returns true if image format autodetection is enabled on this image reader; otherwise returns false . By default, autodetection is enabled.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.autoTransform()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the image handler will apply transformation metadata on read() .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.backgroundColor()
Return type

QColor

Returns the background color that’s used when reading an image. If the image format does not support setting the background color an invalid color is returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.canRead()
Return type

bool

Returns true if an image can be read for the device (i.e., the image format is supported, and the device seems to contain valid data); otherwise returns false .

is a lightweight function that only does a quick test to see if the image data is valid. read() may still return false after returns true , if the image data is corrupt.

Note

A QMimeDatabase lookup is normally a better approach than this function for identifying potentially non-image files or data.

For images that support animation, returns false when all frames have been read.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.clipRect()
Return type

QRect

Returns the clip rect (also known as the ROI, or Region Of Interest) of the image. If no clip rect has been set, an invalid QRect is returned.

See also

setClipRect()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.currentImageNumber()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the sequence number of the current frame. If the image format doesn’t support animation, 0 is returned.

This function returns -1 if an error occurred.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.currentImageRect()
Return type

QRect

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the rect for the current frame. Otherwise, a null rect is returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.decideFormatFromContent()
Return type

bool

Returns whether the image reader should decide which plugin to use only based on the contents of the datastream rather than on the file extension.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.device()
Return type

QIODevice

Returns the device currently assigned to QImageReader , or None if no device has been assigned.

See also

setDevice()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.error()
Return type

ImageReaderError

Returns the type of error that occurred last.

See also

ImageReaderError errorString()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.errorString()
Return type

unicode

Returns a human readable description of the last error that occurred.

See also

error()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.fileName()
Return type

unicode

If the currently assigned device is a QFile , or if setFileName() has been called, this function returns the name of the file QImageReader reads from. Otherwise (i.e., if no device has been assigned or the device is not a QFile ), an empty QString is returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.format()
Return type

QByteArray

Returns the format QImageReader uses for reading images.

You can call this function after assigning a device to the reader to determine the format of the device. For example:

reader = QImageReader("image.png")
# reader.format() == "png"

If the reader cannot read any image from the device (e.g., there is no image there, or the image has already been read), or if the format is unsupported, this function returns an empty QByteArray().

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.gamma()
Return type

float

Returns the gamma level of the decoded image. If setGamma() has been called and gamma correction is supported it will return the gamma set. If gamma level is not supported by the image format, 0.0 is returned.

See also

setGamma()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.imageCount()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the total number of images in the animation. If the format does not support animation, 0 is returned.

This function returns -1 if an error occurred.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.imageFormat()
Return type

Format

Returns the format of the image, without actually reading the image contents. The format describes the image format read() returns, not the format of the actual image.

If the image format does not support this feature, this function returns an invalid format.

See also

ImageOption option() supportsOption()

static PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.imageFormat(device)
Parameters

deviceQIODevice

Return type

QByteArray

If supported, this function returns the image format of the device device . Otherwise, an empty string is returned.

static PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.imageFormat(fileName)
Parameters

fileName – unicode

Return type

QByteArray

static PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.imageFormatsForMimeType(mimeType)
Parameters

mimeTypeQByteArray

Return type

Returns the list of image formats corresponding to mimeType .

Note that the QGuiApplication instance must be created before this function is called.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.jumpToImage(imageNumber)
Parameters

imageNumberint

Return type

bool

For image formats that support animation, this function skips to the image whose sequence number is imageNumber , returning true if successful or false if the corresponding image cannot be found.

The next call to read() will attempt to read this image.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.jumpToNextImage()
Return type

bool

For image formats that support animation, this function steps over the current image, returning true if successful or false if there is no following image in the animation.

The default implementation calls read() , then discards the resulting image, but the image handler may have a more efficient way of implementing this operation.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.loopCount()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the number of times the animation should loop. If this function returns -1, it can either mean the animation should loop forever, or that an error occurred. If an error occurred, canRead() will return false.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.nextImageDelay()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the number of milliseconds to wait until displaying the next frame in the animation. If the image format doesn’t support animation, 0 is returned.

This function returns -1 if an error occurred.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.quality()
Return type

int

Returns the quality setting of the image format.

See also

setQuality()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.read()
Return type

QImage

Reads an image from the device. On success, the image that was read is returned; otherwise, a null QImage is returned. You can then call error() to find the type of error that occurred, or errorString() to get a human readable description of the error.

For image formats that support animation, calling repeatedly will return the next frame. When all frames have been read, a null image will be returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.scaledClipRect()
Return type

QRect

Returns the scaled clip rect of the image.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.scaledSize()
Return type

QSize

Returns the scaled size of the image.

See also

setScaledSize()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setAutoDetectImageFormat(enabled)
Parameters

enabledbool

If enabled is true, image format autodetection is enabled; otherwise, it is disabled. By default, autodetection is enabled.

QImageReader uses an extensive approach to detecting the image format; firstly, if you pass a file name to QImageReader , it will attempt to detect the file extension if the given file name does not point to an existing file, by appending supported default extensions to the given file name, one at a time. It then uses the following approach to detect the image format:

  • Image plugins are queried first, based on either the optional format string, or the file name suffix (if the source device is a file). No content detection is done at this stage. QImageReader will choose the first plugin that supports reading for this format.

  • If no plugin supports the image format, Qt’s built-in handlers are checked based on either the optional format string, or the file name suffix.

  • If no capable plugins or built-in handlers are found, each plugin is tested by inspecting the content of the data stream.

  • If no plugins could detect the image format based on data contents, each built-in image handler is tested by inspecting the contents.

  • Finally, if all above approaches fail, QImageReader will report failure when trying to read the image.

By disabling image format autodetection, QImageReader will only query the plugins and built-in handlers based on the format string (i.e., no file name extensions are tested).

See also

autoDetectImageFormat() canRead() capabilities()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setAutoTransform(enabled)
Parameters

enabledbool

Determines that images returned by read() should have transformation metadata automatically applied if enabled is true .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setBackgroundColor(color)
Parameters

colorQColor

Sets the background color to color . Image formats that support this operation are expected to initialize the background to color before reading an image.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setClipRect(rect)
Parameters

rectQRect

Sets the image clip rect (also known as the ROI, or Region Of Interest) to rect . The coordinates of rect are relative to the untransformed image size, as returned by size() .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setDecideFormatFromContent(ignored)
Parameters

ignoredbool

If ignored is set to true, then the image reader will ignore specified formats or file extensions and decide which plugin to use only based on the contents in the datastream.

Setting this flag means that all image plugins gets loaded. Each plugin will read the first bytes in the image data and decide if the plugin is compatible or not.

This also disables auto detecting the image format.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setDevice(device)
Parameters

deviceQIODevice

Sets QImageReader ‘s device to device . If a device has already been set, the old device is removed from QImageReader and is otherwise left unchanged.

If the device is not already open, QImageReader will attempt to open the device in ReadOnly mode by calling open(). Note that this does not work for certain devices, such as QProcess , QTcpSocket and QUdpSocket , where more logic is required to open the device.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setFileName(fileName)
Parameters

fileName – unicode

Sets the file name of QImageReader to fileName . Internally, QImageReader will create a QFile object and open it in ReadOnly mode, and use this when reading images.

If fileName does not include a file extension (e.g., .png or .bmp), QImageReader will cycle through all supported extensions until it finds a matching file.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setFormat(format)
Parameters

formatQByteArray

Sets the format QImageReader will use when reading images, to format . format is a case insensitive text string. Example:

reader = QImageReader()
reader.setFormat("png") # same as reader.setFormat("PNG")

You can call supportedImageFormats() for the full list of formats QImageReader supports.

See also

format()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setGamma(gamma)
Parameters

gammafloat

This is an image format specific function that forces images with gamma information to be gamma corrected to gamma . For image formats that do not support gamma correction, this value is ignored.

To gamma correct to a standard PC color-space, set gamma to 1/2.2 .

See also

gamma()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setQuality(quality)
Parameters

qualityint

Sets the quality setting of the image format to quality .

Some image formats, in particular lossy ones, entail a tradeoff between a) visual quality of the resulting image, and b) decoding execution time. This function sets the level of that tradeoff for image formats that support it.

In case of scaled image reading, the quality setting may also influence the tradeoff level between visual quality and execution speed of the scaling algorithm.

The value range of quality depends on the image format. For example, the “jpeg” format supports a quality range from 0 (low visual quality) to 100 (high visual quality).

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setScaledClipRect(rect)
Parameters

rectQRect

Sets the scaled clip rect to rect . The scaled clip rect is the clip rect (also known as ROI, or Region Of Interest) that is applied after the image has been scaled.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.setScaledSize(size)
Parameters

sizeQSize

Sets the scaled size of the image to size . The scaling is performed after the initial clip rect, but before the scaled clip rect is applied. The algorithm used for scaling depends on the image format. By default (i.e., if the image format does not support scaling), QImageReader will use QImage::scale() with Qt::SmoothScaling.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.size()
Return type

QSize

Returns the size of the image, without actually reading the image contents.

If the image format does not support this feature, this function returns an invalid size. Qt’s built-in image handlers all support this feature, but custom image format plugins are not required to do so.

See also

ImageOption option() supportsOption()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.subType()
Return type

QByteArray

Returns the subtype of the image.

static PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.supportedImageFormats()
Return type

Returns the list of image formats supported by QImageReader .

By default, Qt can read the following formats:

Format

MIME type

Description

BMP

image/bmp

Windows Bitmap

GIF

image/gif

Graphic Interchange Format (optional)

JPG

image/jpeg

Joint Photographic Experts Group

PNG

image/png

Portable Network Graphics

PBM

image/x-portable-bitmap

Portable Bitmap

PGM

image/x-portable-graymap

Portable Graymap

PPM

image/x-portable-pixmap

Portable Pixmap

XBM

image/x-xbitmap

X11 Bitmap

XPM

image/x-xpixmap

X11 Pixmap

SVG

image/svg+xml

Scalable Vector Graphics

Reading and writing SVG files is supported through the Qt SVG module. The Qt Image Formats module provides support for additional image formats.

Note that the QApplication instance must be created before this function is called.

See also

setFormat() supportedImageFormats() QImageIOPlugin

static PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.supportedMimeTypes()
Return type

Returns the list of MIME types supported by QImageReader .

Note that the QApplication instance must be created before this function is called.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.supportedSubTypes()
Return type

Returns the list of subtypes supported by an image.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.supportsAnimation()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the image format supports animation; otherwise, false is returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.supportsOption(option)
Parameters

optionImageOption

Return type

bool

Returns true if the reader supports option ; otherwise returns false.

Different image formats support different options. Call this function to determine whether a certain option is supported by the current format. For example, the PNG format allows you to embed text into the image’s metadata (see text() ), and the BMP format allows you to determine the image’s size without loading the whole image into memory (see size() ).

reader = QImageReader(":/image.png")
if reader.supportsOption(QImageIOHandler.Size):
    print "Size:", str(reader.size())

See also

supportsOption()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.text(key)
Parameters

key – unicode

Return type

unicode

Returns the image text associated with key .

Support for this option is implemented through Description .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.textKeys()
Return type

list of strings

Returns the text keys for this image. You can use these keys with text() to list the image text for a certain key.

Support for this option is implemented through Description .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageReader.transformation()
Return type

Transformations

Returns the transformation metadata of the image, including image orientation. If the format does not support transformation metadata, TransformationNone is returned.