QPixmap

The QPixmap class is an off-screen image representation that can be used as a paint device. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap

Inherited by: QBitmap

Synopsis

Functions

Static functions

Detailed Description

Qt provides four classes for handling image data: QImage , QPixmap , QBitmap and QPicture . QImage is designed and optimized for I/O, and for direct pixel access and manipulation, while QPixmap is designed and optimized for showing images on screen. QBitmap is only a convenience class that inherits QPixmap , ensuring a depth of 1. The isQBitmap() function returns true if a QPixmap object is really a bitmap, otherwise returns false . Finally, the QPicture class is a paint device that records and replays QPainter commands.

A QPixmap can easily be displayed on the screen using QLabel or one of QAbstractButton ‘s subclasses (such as QPushButton and QToolButton ). QLabel has a pixmap property, whereas QAbstractButton has an icon property.

QPixmap objects can be passed around by value since the QPixmap class uses implicit data sharing. For more information, see the Implicit Data Sharing documentation. QPixmap objects can also be streamed.

Note that the pixel data in a pixmap is internal and is managed by the underlying window system. Because QPixmap is a QPaintDevice subclass, QPainter can be used to draw directly onto pixmaps. Pixels can only be accessed through QPainter functions or by converting the QPixmap to a QImage . However, the fill() function is available for initializing the entire pixmap with a given color.

There are functions to convert between QImage and QPixmap . Typically, the QImage class is used to load an image file, optionally manipulating the image data, before the QImage object is converted into a QPixmap to be shown on screen. Alternatively, if no manipulation is desired, the image file can be loaded directly into a QPixmap .

QPixmap provides a collection of functions that can be used to obtain a variety of information about the pixmap. In addition, there are several functions that enables transformation of the pixmap.

Reading and Writing Image Files

QPixmap provides several ways of reading an image file: The file can be loaded when constructing the QPixmap object, or by using the load() or loadFromData() functions later on. When loading an image, the file name can either refer to an actual file on disk or to one of the application’s embedded resources. See The Qt Resource System overview for details on how to embed images and other resource files in the application’s executable.

Simply call the save() function to save a QPixmap object.

The complete list of supported file formats are available through the supportedImageFormats() and supportedImageFormats() functions. New file formats can be added as plugins. By default, Qt supports the following formats:

Format

Description

Qt’s support

BMP

Windows Bitmap

Read/write

GIF

Graphic Interchange Format (optional)

Read

JPG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

Read/write

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

Read/write

PNG

Portable Network Graphics

Read/write

PBM

Portable Bitmap

Read

PGM

Portable Graymap

Read

PPM

Portable Pixmap

Read/write

XBM

X11 Bitmap

Read/write

XPM

X11 Pixmap

Read/write

Pixmap Information

QPixmap provides a collection of functions that can be used to obtain a variety of information about the pixmap:

Available Functions

Geometry

The size() , width() and height() functions provide information about the pixmap’s size. The rect() function returns the image’s enclosing rectangle.

Alpha component

The hasAlphaChannel() returns true if the pixmap has a format that respects the alpha channel, otherwise returns false . The hasAlpha() , setMask() and mask() functions are legacy and should not be used. They are potentially very slow.

The createHeuristicMask() function creates and returns a 1-bpp heuristic mask (i.e. a QBitmap ) for this pixmap. It works by selecting a color from one of the corners and then chipping away pixels of that color, starting at all the edges. The createMaskFromColor() function creates and returns a mask (i.e. a QBitmap ) for the pixmap based on a given color.

Low-level information

The depth() function returns the depth of the pixmap. The defaultDepth() function returns the default depth, i.e. the depth used by the application on the given screen.

The cacheKey() function returns a number that uniquely identifies the contents of the QPixmap object.

Pixmap Conversion

A QPixmap object can be converted into a QImage using the toImage() function. Likewise, a QImage can be converted into a QPixmap using the fromImage() . If this is too expensive an operation, you can use fromImage() instead.

To convert a QPixmap to and from HICON you can use the QtWinExtras functions QtWin::toHICON() and QtWin::fromHICON() respectively.

Pixmap Transformations

QPixmap supports a number of functions for creating a new pixmap that is a transformed version of the original:

The scaled() , scaledToWidth() and scaledToHeight() functions return scaled copies of the pixmap, while the copy() function creates a QPixmap that is a plain copy of the original one.

The transformed() function returns a copy of the pixmap that is transformed with the given transformation matrix and transformation mode: Internally, the transformation matrix is adjusted to compensate for unwanted translation, i.e. transformed() returns the smallest pixmap containing all transformed points of the original pixmap. The static trueMatrix() function returns the actual matrix used for transforming the pixmap.

class QPixmap

QPixmap(image)

QPixmap(arg__1)

QPixmap(arg__1)

QPixmap(fileName[, format=None[, flags=Qt.AutoColor]])

QPixmap(xpm)

QPixmap(w, h)

param w

int

param h

int

param xpm

char[]

param format

str

param image

QImage

param flags

ImageConversionFlags

param arg__1

QPixmap

param fileName

unicode

Constructs a null pixmap.

See also

isNull()

Constructs a pixmap from the file with the given fileName . If the file does not exist or is of an unknown format, the pixmap becomes a null pixmap.

The loader attempts to read the pixmap using the specified format . If the format is not specified (which is the default), the loader probes the file for a header to guess the file format.

The file name can either refer to an actual file on disk or to one of the application’s embedded resources. See the Resource System overview for details on how to embed images and other resource files in the application’s executable.

If the image needs to be modified to fit in a lower-resolution result (e.g. converting from 32-bit to 8-bit), use the flags to control the conversion.

The fileName , format and flags parameters are passed on to load() . This means that the data in fileName is not compiled into the binary. If fileName contains a relative path (e.g. the filename only) the relevant file must be found relative to the runtime working directory.

See also

Reading and Writing Image Files

Constructs a pixmap with the given width and height . If either width or height is zero, a null pixmap is constructed.

Warning

This will create a QPixmap with uninitialized data. Call fill() to fill the pixmap with an appropriate color before drawing onto it with QPainter .

See also

isNull()

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.cacheKey()
Return type

qint64

Returns a number that identifies this QPixmap . Distinct QPixmap objects can only have the same cache key if they refer to the same contents.

The will change when the pixmap is altered.

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.convertFromImage(img[, flags=Qt.AutoColor])
Parameters
  • imgQImage

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

bool

Replaces this pixmap’s data with the given image using the specified flags to control the conversion. The flags argument is a bitwise-OR of the ImageConversionFlags . Passing 0 for flags sets all the default options. Returns true if the result is that this pixmap is not null.

Note: this function was part of Qt 3 support in Qt 4.6 and earlier. It has been promoted to official API status in 4.7 to support updating the pixmap’s image without creating a new QPixmap as fromImage() would.

See also

fromImage()

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.copy([rect=QRect()])
Parameters

rectQRect

Return type

QPixmap

Returns a deep copy of the subset of the pixmap that is specified by the given rectangle . For more information on deep copies, see the Implicit Data Sharing documentation.

If the given rectangle is empty, the whole image is copied.

See also

operator=() QPixmap() Pixmap Transformations

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.copy(x, y, width, height)
Parameters
  • xint

  • yint

  • widthint

  • heightint

Return type

QPixmap

This is an overloaded function.

Returns a deep copy of the subset of the pixmap that is specified by the rectangle QRect ( x , y , width , height ).

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.createHeuristicMask([clipTight=true])
Parameters

clipTightbool

Return type

QBitmap

Creates and returns a heuristic mask for this pixmap.

The function works by selecting a color from one of the corners and then chipping away pixels of that color, starting at all the edges. If clipTight is true (the default) the mask is just large enough to cover the pixels; otherwise, the mask is larger than the data pixels.

The mask may not be perfect but it should be reasonable, so you can do things such as the following:

myPixmap = QPixmap()
myPixmap.setMask(myPixmap.createHeuristicMask())

This function is slow because it involves converting to/from a QImage , and non-trivial computations.

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.createMaskFromColor(maskColor[, mode=Qt.MaskInColor])
Parameters
  • maskColorQColor

  • modeMaskMode

Return type

QBitmap

Creates and returns a mask for this pixmap based on the given maskColor . If the mode is MaskInColor , all pixels matching the maskColor will be transparent. If mode is MaskOutColor , all pixels matching the maskColor will be opaque.

This function is slow because it involves converting to/from a QImage .

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.defaultDepth()
Return type

int

Returns the default pixmap depth used by the application.

On all platforms the depth of the primary screen will be returned.

Note

QGuiApplication must be created before calling this function.

See also

depth() depth() Pixmap Information

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.fill(device, ofs)
Parameters

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use QPainter or the fill( QColor ) overload instead.

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.fill(device, xofs, yofs)
Parameters

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use QPainter or the fill( QColor ) overload instead.

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.fill([fillColor=Qt.white])
Parameters

fillColorQColor

Fills the pixmap with the given color .

The effect of this function is undefined when the pixmap is being painted on.

See also

Pixmap Transformations

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.fromImage(image[, flags=Qt.AutoColor])
Parameters
  • imageQImage

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

QPixmap

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.fromImage(image[, flags=Qt.AutoColor])
Parameters
  • imageQImage

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

QPixmap

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.fromImageInPlace(image[, flags=Qt.AutoColor])
Parameters
  • imageQImage

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

QPixmap

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.fromImageReader(imageReader[, flags=Qt.AutoColor])
Parameters
  • imageReaderQImageReader

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

QPixmap

Create a QPixmap from an image read directly from an imageReader . The flags argument is a bitwise-OR of the ImageConversionFlags . Passing 0 for flags sets all the default options.

On some systems, reading an image directly to QPixmap can use less memory than reading a QImage to convert it to QPixmap .

See also

fromImage() toImage() Pixmap Conversion

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.grabWidget(widget[, x=0[, y=0[, w=-1[, h=-1]]]])
Parameters
  • widgetQObject

  • xint

  • yint

  • wint

  • hint

Return type

QPixmap

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use grab() instead.

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.grabWidget(widget, rect)
Parameters
  • widgetQObject

  • rectQRect

Return type

QPixmap

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use grab() instead.

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.grabWindow(arg__1[, x=0[, y=0[, w=-1[, h=-1]]]])
Parameters
  • arg__1WId

  • xint

  • yint

  • wint

  • hint

Return type

QPixmap

Note

This function is deprecated.

Creates and returns a pixmap constructed by grabbing the contents of the given window restricted by QRect (x , y , width , height ).

The arguments (x , y ) specify the offset in the window, whereas (width , height ) specify the area to be copied. If width is negative, the function copies everything to the right border of the window. If height is negative, the function copies everything to the bottom of the window.

The window system identifier (WId ) can be retrieved using the winId() function. The rationale for using a window identifier and not a QWidget , is to enable grabbing of windows that are not part of the application, window system frames, and so on.

The function grabs pixels from the screen, not from the window, i.e. if there is another window partially or entirely over the one you grab, you get pixels from the overlying window, too. The mouse cursor is generally not grabbed.

Note on X11 that if the given window doesn’t have the same depth as the root window, and another window partially or entirely obscures the one you grab, you will not get pixels from the overlying window. The contents of the obscured areas in the pixmap will be undefined and uninitialized.

On Windows Vista and above grabbing a layered window, which is created by setting the WA_TranslucentBackground attribute, will not work. Instead grabbing the desktop widget should work.

Warning

In general, grabbing an area outside the screen is not safe. This depends on the underlying window system.

Warning

The function is deprecated in Qt 5.0 since there might be platform plugins in which window system identifiers (WId ) are local to a screen. Use grabWindow() instead.

See also

grabWidget() Screenshot Example QScreen

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.hasAlpha()
Return type

bool

Returns true if this pixmap has an alpha channel, or has a mask, otherwise returns false .

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.hasAlphaChannel()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the pixmap has a format that respects the alpha channel, otherwise returns false .

See also

hasAlpha()

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.isNull()
Return type

bool

Returns true if this is a null pixmap; otherwise returns false .

A null pixmap has zero width, zero height and no contents. You cannot draw in a null pixmap.

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.isQBitmap()
Return type

bool

Returns true if this is a QBitmap ; otherwise returns false .

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.load(fileName[, format=None[, flags=Qt.AutoColor]])
Parameters
  • fileName – unicode

  • format – str

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

bool

Loads a pixmap from the file with the given fileName . Returns true if the pixmap was successfully loaded; otherwise invalidates the pixmap and returns false .

The loader attempts to read the pixmap using the specified format . If the format is not specified (which is the default), the loader probes the file for a header to guess the file format.

The file name can either refer to an actual file on disk or to one of the application’s embedded resources. See the Resource System overview for details on how to embed pixmaps and other resource files in the application’s executable.

If the data needs to be modified to fit in a lower-resolution result (e.g. converting from 32-bit to 8-bit), use the flags to control the conversion.

Note that QPixmaps are automatically added to the QPixmapCache when loaded from a file in main thread; the key used is internal and cannot be acquired.

See also

loadFromData() Reading and Writing Image Files

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.loadFromData(data[, format=None[, flags=Qt.AutoColor]])
Parameters
  • dataQByteArray

  • format – str

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

bool

This is an overloaded function.

Loads a pixmap from the binary data using the specified format and conversion flags .

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.loadFromData(buf[, format=None[, flags=Qt.AutoColor]])
Parameters
  • bufuchar

  • format – str

  • flagsImageConversionFlags

Return type

bool

Loads a pixmap from the len first bytes of the given binary data . Returns true if the pixmap was loaded successfully; otherwise invalidates the pixmap and returns false .

The loader attempts to read the pixmap using the specified format . If the format is not specified (which is the default), the loader probes the file for a header to guess the file format.

If the data needs to be modified to fit in a lower-resolution result (e.g. converting from 32-bit to 8-bit), use the flags to control the conversion.

See also

load() Reading and Writing Image Files

This method must be used with an QPixmap object, not the class:

# Wrong
pixmap = QPixmap.loadFromData(...)

# Right
pixmap = QPixmap().loadFromData(...)
PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.mask()
Return type

QBitmap

Extracts a bitmap mask from the pixmap’s alpha channel.

Warning

This is potentially an expensive operation. The mask of the pixmap is extracted dynamically from the pixeldata.

See also

setMask() Pixmap Information

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.rect()
Return type

QRect

Returns the pixmap’s enclosing rectangle.

See also

Pixmap Information

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.save(fileName[, format=None[, quality=-1]])
Parameters
  • fileName – unicode

  • format – str

  • qualityint

Return type

bool

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.save(device[, format=None[, quality=-1]])
Parameters
  • deviceQIODevice

  • format – str

  • qualityint

Return type

bool

This is an overloaded function.

This function writes a QPixmap to the given device using the specified image file format and quality factor. This can be used, for example, to save a pixmap directly into a QByteArray :

pixmap = QPixmap()
bytes = QByteArray()
buffer(bytes)
buffer.open(QIODevice.WriteOnly)
pixmap.save(buffer, "PNG") # writes pixmap into bytes in PNG format
PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.scaled(s[, aspectMode=Qt.IgnoreAspectRatio[, mode=Qt.FastTransformation]])
Parameters
  • sQSize

  • aspectModeAspectRatioMode

  • modeTransformationMode

Return type

QPixmap

Scales the pixmap to the given size , using the aspect ratio and transformation modes specified by aspectRatioMode and transformMode .

../../_images/qimage-scaling1.png
  • If aspectRatioMode is IgnoreAspectRatio , the pixmap is scaled to size.

  • If aspectRatioMode is KeepAspectRatio , the pixmap is scaled to a rectangle as large as possible inside size, preserving the aspect ratio.

  • If aspectRatioMode is KeepAspectRatioByExpanding , the pixmap is scaled to a rectangle as small as possible outside size, preserving the aspect ratio.

If the given size is empty, this function returns a null pixmap.

In some cases it can be more beneficial to draw the pixmap to a painter with a scale set rather than scaling the pixmap. This is the case when the painter is for instance based on OpenGL or when the scale factor changes rapidly.

See also

isNull() Pixmap Transformations

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.scaled(w, h[, aspectMode=Qt.IgnoreAspectRatio[, mode=Qt.FastTransformation]])
Parameters
  • wint

  • hint

  • aspectModeAspectRatioMode

  • modeTransformationMode

Return type

QPixmap

This is an overloaded function.

Returns a copy of the pixmap scaled to a rectangle with the given width and height according to the given aspectRatioMode and transformMode .

If either the width or the height is zero or negative, this function returns a null pixmap.

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.scaledToHeight(h[, mode=Qt.FastTransformation])
Parameters
  • hint

  • modeTransformationMode

Return type

QPixmap

Returns a scaled copy of the image. The returned image is scaled to the given height using the specified transformation mode . The width of the pixmap is automatically calculated so that the aspect ratio of the pixmap is preserved.

If height is 0 or negative, a null pixmap is returned.

See also

isNull() Pixmap Transformations

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.scaledToWidth(w[, mode=Qt.FastTransformation])
Parameters
  • wint

  • modeTransformationMode

Return type

QPixmap

Returns a scaled copy of the image. The returned image is scaled to the given width using the specified transformation mode . The height of the pixmap is automatically calculated so that the aspect ratio of the pixmap is preserved.

If width is 0 or negative, a null pixmap is returned.

See also

isNull() Pixmap Transformations

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.scroll(dx, dy, rect[, exposed=None])
Parameters
  • dxint

  • dyint

  • rectQRect

  • exposedQRegion

Scrolls the area rect of this pixmap by (dx , dy ). The exposed region is left unchanged. You can optionally pass a pointer to an empty QRegion to get the region that is exposed by the scroll operation.

pixmap = QPixmap("background.png")
exposed = QRegion()
pixmap.scroll(10, 10, pixmap.rect(), exposed)

You cannot scroll while there is an active painter on the pixmap.

See also

scroll() scroll()

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.scroll(dx, dy, x, y, width, height[, exposed=None])
Parameters
  • dxint

  • dyint

  • xint

  • yint

  • widthint

  • heightint

  • exposedQRegion

This convenience function is equivalent to calling (dx , dy , QRect (x , y , width , height ), exposed ).

See also

scroll() scroll()

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.setDevicePixelRatio(scaleFactor)
Parameters

scaleFactorqreal

Sets the device pixel ratio for the pixmap. This is the ratio between image pixels and device-independent pixels.

The default scaleFactor is 1.0. Setting it to something else has two effects:

QPainters that are opened on the pixmap will be scaled. For example, painting on a 200x200 image if with a ratio of 2.0 will result in effective (device-independent) painting bounds of 100x100.

Code paths in Qt that calculate layout geometry based on the pixmap size will take the ratio into account: QSize layoutSize = pixmap. size() / pixmap. devicePixelRatio() The net effect of this is that the pixmap is displayed as high-DPI pixmap rather than a large pixmap (see Drawing High Resolution Versions of Pixmaps and Images ).

See also

devicePixelRatio()

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.setMask(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1QBitmap

Sets a mask bitmap.

This function merges the mask with the pixmap’s alpha channel. A pixel value of 1 on the mask means the pixmap’s pixel is unchanged; a value of 0 means the pixel is transparent. The mask must have the same size as this pixmap.

Setting a null mask resets the mask, leaving the previously transparent pixels black. The effect of this function is undefined when the pixmap is being painted on.

Warning

This is potentially an expensive operation.

See also

mask() Pixmap Transformations QBitmap

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.size()
Return type

QSize

Returns the size of the pixmap.

See also

width() height() Pixmap Information

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.swap(other)
Parameters

otherQPixmap

Swaps pixmap other with this pixmap. This operation is very fast and never fails.

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.toImage()
Return type

QImage

Converts the pixmap to a QImage . Returns a null image if the conversion fails.

If the pixmap has 1-bit depth, the returned image will also be 1 bit deep. Images with more bits will be returned in a format closely represents the underlying system. Usually this will be Format_ARGB32_Premultiplied for pixmaps with an alpha and Format_RGB32 or Format_RGB16 for pixmaps without alpha.

Note that for the moment, alpha masks on monochrome images are ignored.

See also

fromImage() Image Formats

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.transformed(arg__1[, mode=Qt.FastTransformation])
Parameters
  • arg__1QMatrix

  • modeTransformationMode

Return type

QPixmap

PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.transformed(arg__1[, mode=Qt.FastTransformation])
Parameters
  • arg__1QTransform

  • modeTransformationMode

Return type

QPixmap

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.trueMatrix(m, w, h)
Parameters
  • mQMatrix

  • wint

  • hint

Return type

QMatrix

static PySide2.QtGui.QPixmap.trueMatrix(m, w, h)
Parameters
Return type

QTransform