QCborStreamReader Class

The QCborStreamReader class is a simple CBOR stream decoder, operating on either a QByteArray or QIODevice. More...

Header: #include <QCborStreamReader>
qmake: QT += core
Since: Qt 5.12

This class was introduced in Qt 5.12.

Note: All functions in this class are reentrant.

Public Types

struct StringResult
enum StringResultCode { EndOfString, Ok, Error }
enum Type { UnsignedInteger, NegativeInteger, ByteArray, ByteString, String, …, Invalid }

Public Functions

QCborStreamReader(QIODevice *device)
QCborStreamReader(const QByteArray &data)
QCborStreamReader(const quint8 *data, qsizetype len)
QCborStreamReader(const char *data, qsizetype len)
QCborStreamReader()
~QCborStreamReader()
void addData(const QByteArray &data)
void addData(const char *data, qsizetype len)
void addData(const quint8 *data, qsizetype len)
void clear()
int containerDepth() const
qint64 currentOffset() const
qsizetype currentStringChunkSize() const
QIODevice *device() const
bool enterContainer()
bool hasNext() const
bool isArray() const
bool isBool() const
bool isByteArray() const
bool isContainer() const
bool isDouble() const
bool isFalse() const
bool isFloat16() const
bool isFloat() const
bool isInteger() const
bool isInvalid() const
bool isLengthKnown() const
bool isMap() const
bool isNegativeInteger() const
bool isNull() const
bool isSimpleType() const
bool isSimpleType(QCborSimpleType st) const
bool isString() const
bool isTag() const
bool isTrue() const
bool isUndefined() const
bool isUnsignedInteger() const
bool isValid() const
QCborError lastError()
bool leaveContainer()
quint64 length() const
bool next(int maxRecursion = 10000)
QCborStreamReader::Type parentContainerType() const
StringResult<QByteArray> readByteArray()
StringResult<QString> readString()
StringResult<qsizetype> readStringChunk(char *ptr, qsizetype maxlen)
void reparse()
void reset()
void setDevice(QIODevice *device)
bool toBool() const
double toDouble() const
qfloat16 toFloat16() const
float toFloat() const
qint64 toInteger() const
QCborNegativeInteger toNegativeInteger() const
QCborSimpleType toSimpleType() const
QCborTag toTag() const
quint64 toUnsignedInteger() const
QCborStreamReader::Type type() const

Detailed Description

This class can be used to decode a stream of CBOR content directly from either a QByteArray or a QIODevice. CBOR is the Concise Binary Object Representation, a very compact form of binary data encoding that is compatible with JSON. It was created by the IETF Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) WG, which has used it in many new RFCs. It is meant to be used alongside the CoAP protocol.

QCborStreamReader provides a StAX-like API, similar to that of QXmlStreamReader. Using it requires a bit of knowledge of CBOR encoding. For a simpler API, see QCborValue and especially the decoding function QCborValue::fromCbor().

Typically, one creates a QCborStreamReader by passing the source QByteArray or QIODevice as a parameter to the constructor, then pop elements off the stream if there were no errors in decoding. There are three kinds of CBOR types:

KindTypesBehavior
Fixed-widthIntegers, Tags, Simple types, Floating pointValue is pre-parsed by QCborStreamReader, so accessor functions are const. Must call next() to advance.
StringsByte arrays, Text stringsLength (if known) is pre-parsed, but the string itself is not. The accessor functions are not const and may allocate memory. Once called, the accessor functions automatically advance to the next element.
ContainersArrays, MapsLength (if known) is pre-parsed. To access the elements, you must call enterContainer(), read all elements, then call leaveContainer(). That function advances to the next element.

So a processor function typically looks like this:

   void handleStream(QCborStreamReader &reader)
   {
       switch (reader.type())
       case QCborStreamReader::UnsignedInteger:
       case QCborStreamReader::NegativeInteger:
       case QCborStreamReader::SimpleType:
       case QCborStreamReader::Float16:
       case QCborStreamReader::Float:
       case QCborStreamReader::Double:
           handleFixedWidth(reader);
           reader.next();
           break;
       case QCborStreamReader::ByteArray:
       case QCborStreamReader::String:
           handleString(reader);
           break;
       case QCborStreamReader::Array:
       case QCborStreamReader::Map:
           reader.enterContainer();
           while (reader.lastError() == QCborError::NoError)
               handleStream(reader);
           if (reader.lastError() == QCborError::NoError)
               reader.leaveContainer();
       }
   }

CBOR support

The following table lists the CBOR features that QCborStreamReader supports.

FeatureSupport
Unsigned numbersYes (full range)
Negative numbersYes (full range)
Byte stringsYes
Text stringsYes
Chunked stringsYes
TagsYes (arbitrary)
BooleansYes
NullYes
UndefinedYes
Arbitrary simple valuesYes
Half-precision float (16-bit)Yes
Single-precision float (32-bit)Yes
Double-precision float (64-bit)Yes
Infinities and NaN floating pointYes
Determinate-length arrays and mapsYes
Indeterminate-length arrays and mapsYes
Map key types other than strings and integersYes (arbitrary)

Dealing with invalid or incomplete CBOR streams

QCborStreamReader is capable of detecting corrupt input on its own. The library it uses has been extensively tested against invalid input of any kind and is quite able to report errors. If any is detected, QCborStreamReader will set lastError() to a value besides QCborError::NoError, indicating which situation was detected.

Most errors detected by QCborStreamReader during normal item parsing are not recoverable. The code using QCborStreamReader may opt to handle the data that was properly decoded or it can opt to discard the entire data.

The only recoverable error is QCborError::EndOfFile, which indicates that more data is required in order to complete the parsing. This situation is useful when data is being read from an asynchronous source, such as a pipe (QProcess) or a socket (QTcpSocket, QUdpSocket, QNetworkReply, etc.). When more data arrives, the surrounding code needs to call either addData(), if parsing from a QByteArray, or reparse(), if it is instead reading directly a the QIDOevice that now has more data available (see setDevice()).

See also QCborStreamWriter, QCborValue, and QXmlStreamReader.

Member Type Documentation

enum QCborStreamReader::StringResultCode

This enum is returned by readString() and readByteArray() and is used to indicate what the status of the parsing is.

ConstantValueDescription
QCborStreamReader::EndOfString0The parsing for the string is complete, with no error.
QCborStreamReader::Ok1The function returned data; there was no error.
QCborStreamReader::Error-1Parsing failed with an error.

enum QCborStreamReader::Type

This enumeration contains all possible CBOR types as decoded by QCborStreamReader. CBOR has 7 major types, plus a number of simple types carrying no value, and floating point values.

ConstantValueDescription
QCborStreamReader::UnsignedInteger0x00(Major type 0) Ranges from 0 to 264 - 1 (18,446,744,073,709,551,616)
QCborStreamReader::NegativeInteger0x20(Major type 1) Ranges from -1 to -264 (-18,446,744,073,709,551,616)
QCborStreamReader::ByteArrayByteString(Major type 2) Arbitrary binary data.
QCborStreamReader::ByteString0x40An alias to ByteArray.
QCborStreamReader::StringTextString(Major type 3) Unicode text, possibly containing NULs.
QCborStreamReader::TextString0x60An alias to String
QCborStreamReader::Array0x80(Major type 4) Array of heterogeneous items.
QCborStreamReader::Map0xa0(Major type 5) Map/dictionary of heterogeneous items.
QCborStreamReader::Tag0xc0(Major type 6) Numbers giving further semantic value to generic CBOR items. See QCborTag for more information.
QCborStreamReader::SimpleType0xe0(Major type 7) Types carrying no further value. Includes booleans (true and false), null, undefined.
QCborStreamReader::Float16HalfFloatIEEE 754 half-precision floating point (qfloat16).
QCborStreamReader::HalfFloat0xf9An alias to Float16.
QCborStreamReader::Float0xfaIEEE 754 single-precision floating point (float).
QCborStreamReader::Double0xfbIEEE 754 double-precision floating point (double).
QCborStreamReader::Invalid0xffNot a valid type, either due to parsing error or due to reaching the end of an array or map.

Member Function Documentation

QCborStreamReader::QCborStreamReader(QIODevice *device)

This is an overloaded function.

Creates a QCborStreamReader object that will parse the CBOR stream found by reading from device. QCborStreamReader does not take ownership of device, so it must remain valid until this oject is destroyed.

QCborStreamReader::QCborStreamReader(const QByteArray &data)

This is an overloaded function.

Creates a QCborStreamReader object that will parse the CBOR stream found in data.

QCborStreamReader::QCborStreamReader(const quint8 *data, qsizetype len)

This is an overloaded function.

Creates a QCborStreamReader object with len bytes of data starting at data. The pointer must remain valid until QCborStreamReader is destroyed.

QCborStreamReader::QCborStreamReader(const char *data, qsizetype len)

This is an overloaded function.

Creates a QCborStreamReader object with len bytes of data starting at data. The pointer must remain valid until QCborStreamReader is destroyed.

QCborStreamReader::QCborStreamReader()

Creates a QCborStreamReader object with no source data. After construction, QCborStreamReader will report an error parsing.

You can add more data by calling addData() or by setting a different source device using setDevice().

See also addData() and isValid().

QCborStreamReader::~QCborStreamReader()

Destroys this QCborStreamReader object and frees any associated resources.

void QCborStreamReader::addData(const QByteArray &data)

Adds data to the CBOR stream and reparses the current element. This function is useful if the end of the data was previously reached while processing the stream, but now more data is available.

void QCborStreamReader::addData(const char *data, qsizetype len)

This is an overloaded function.

Adds len bytes of data starting at data to the CBOR stream and reparses the current element. This function is useful if the end of the data was previously reached while processing the stream, but now more data is available.

void QCborStreamReader::addData(const quint8 *data, qsizetype len)

This is an overloaded function.

Adds len bytes of data starting at data to the CBOR stream and reparses the current element. This function is useful if the end of the data was previously reached while processing the stream, but now more data is available.

void QCborStreamReader::clear()

Clears the decoder state and resets the input source data to an empty byte array. After this function is called, QCborStreamReader will be indicating an error parsing.

Call addData() to add more data to be parsed.

See also reset() and setDevice().

int QCborStreamReader::containerDepth() const

Returns the number of containers that this stream has entered with enterContainer() but not yet left.

See also enterContainer() and leaveContainer().

qint64 QCborStreamReader::currentOffset() const

Returns the offset in the input stream of the item currently being decoded. The current offset is the number of decoded bytes so far only if the source data is a QByteArray or it is a QIODevice that was positioned at its beginning when decoding started.

See also reset(), clear(), and device().

qsizetype QCborStreamReader::currentStringChunkSize() const

Returns the size of the current text or byte string chunk. If the CBOR stream contains a non-chunked string (that is, if isLengthKnown() returns true), this function returns the size of the entire string, the same as length().

This function is useful to pre-allocate the buffer whose pointer can be passed to readStringChunk() later.

See also readString(), readByteArray(), and readStringChunk().

QIODevice *QCborStreamReader::device() const

Returns the QIODevice that was set with either setDevice() or the QCborStreamReader constructor. If this object was reading from a QByteArray, this function returns nullptr instead.

See also setDevice().

bool QCborStreamReader::enterContainer()

Enters the array or map that is the current item and prepares for iterating the elements contained in the container. Returns true if entering the container succeeded, false otherwise (usually, a parsing error). Each call to enterContainer() must be paired with a call to leaveContainer().

This function may only be called if the current item is an array or a map (that is, if isArray(), isMap() or isContainer() is true). Calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also leaveContainer(), isContainer(), isArray(), and isMap().

bool QCborStreamReader::hasNext() const

Returns true if there are more items to be decoded in the current container or false of we've reached its end. If we're parsing the root element, hasNext() returning false indicates the parsing is complete; otherwise, if the container depth is non-zero, then the outer code needs to call leaveContainer().

See also parentContainerType(), containerDepth(), and leaveContainer().

bool QCborStreamReader::isArray() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is an array (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::Array). If this function returns true, you may call enterContainer() to begin parsing that container.

When the current element is an array, you may also call isLengthKnown() to find out if the array's size is explicit in the CBOR stream. If it is, that size can be obtained by calling length().

The following example pre-allocates a QVariantList given the array's size for more efficient decoding:

   QVariantList populateFromCbor(QCborStreamReader &reader)
   {
       QVariantList list;
       if (reader.isLengthKnown())
           list.reserve(reader.length());

       reader.enterContainer();
       while (reader.lastError() == QCborError::NoError && reader.hasNext())
           list.append(readOneElement(reader));
       if (reader.lastError() == QCborError::NoError)
           reader.leaveContainer();
   }

Note: The code above does not validate that the length is a sensible value. If the input stream reports that the length is 1 billion elements, the above function will try to allocate some 16 GB or more of RAM, which can lead to a crash.

See also type(), isMap(), isLengthKnown(), length(), enterContainer(), and leaveContainer().

bool QCborStreamReader::isBool() const

Returns true if the current element is a boolean value (true or false), false if it is anything else. If this function returns true, you may call toBool() to retrieve the value of the boolean. You may also call toSimpleType() and compare to either QCborSimpleValue::True or QCborSimpleValue::False.

See also type(), isFalse(), isTrue(), toBool(), isSimpleType(), and toSimpleType().

bool QCborStreamReader::isByteArray() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is a byte array (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::ByteArray). If this function returns true, you may call readByteArray() to read that data.

See also type(), readByteArray(), and isString().

bool QCborStreamReader::isContainer() const

Returns true if the current element is a container (that is, an array or a map), false if it is anything else. If the current element is a container, the isLengthKnown() function may be used to find out if the container's size is explicit in the stream and, if so, length() can be used to get that size.

More importantly, for a container, the enterContainer() function is available to begin iterating through the elements contained therein.

See also type(), isArray(), isMap(), isLengthKnown(), length(), enterContainer(), leaveContainer(), and containerDepth().

bool QCborStreamReader::isDouble() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is an IEEE 754 double-precision floating point (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::Double). If this function returns true, you may call toDouble() to read that data.

See also type(), toDouble(), isFloat16(), and isFloat().

bool QCborStreamReader::isFalse() const

Returns true if the current element is the false value, false if it is anything else.

See also type(), isTrue(), isBool(), toBool(), isSimpleType(), and toSimpleType().

bool QCborStreamReader::isFloat16() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is an IEEE 754 half-precision floating point (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::Float16). If this function returns true, you may call toFloat16() to read that data.

See also type(), toFloat16(), isFloat(), and isDouble().

bool QCborStreamReader::isFloat() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is an IEEE 754 single-precision floating point (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::Float). If this function returns true, you may call toFloat() to read that data.

See also type(), toFloat(), isFloat16(), and isDouble().

bool QCborStreamReader::isInteger() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is either an unsigned integer or a negative one (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::UnsignedInteger or QCborStreamReader::NegativeInteger). If this function returns true, you may call toInteger() to read that value.

See also type(), toInteger(), toUnsignedInteger(), toNegativeInteger(), isUnsignedInteger(), and isNegativeInteger().

bool QCborStreamReader::isInvalid() const

Returns true if the current element is invalid, false otherwise. The current element may be invalid if there was a decoding error or we've just parsed the last element in an array or map.

Note: This function is not to be confused with isNull(). Null is a normal CBOR type that must be handled by the application.

See also type() and isValid().

bool QCborStreamReader::isLengthKnown() const

Returns true if the length of the current array, map, byte array or string is known (explicit in the CBOR stream), false otherwise. This function should only be called if the element is one of those.

If the length is known, it may be obtained by calling length().

If the length of a map or an array is not known, it is implied by the number of elements present in the stream. QCborStreamReader has no API to calculate the length in that condition.

Strings and byte arrays may also have indeterminate length (that is, they may be transmitted in multiple chunks). Those cannot currently be created with QCborStreamWriter, but they could be with other encoders, so QCborStreamReader supports them.

See also length(), QCborStreamWriter::startArray(), and QCborStreamWriter::startMap().

bool QCborStreamReader::isMap() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is a map (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::Map). If this function returns true, you may call enterContainer() to begin parsing that container.

When the current element is a map, you may also call isLengthKnown() to find out if the map's size is explicit in the CBOR stream. If it is, that size can be obtained by calling length().

The following example pre-allocates a QVariantMap given the map's size for more efficient decoding:

   QVariantMap populateFromCbor(QCborStreamReader &reader)
   {
       QVariantMap map;
       if (reader.isLengthKnown())
           map.reserve(reader.length());

       reader.enterContainer();
       while (reader.lastError() == QCborError::NoError && reader.hasNext()) {
           QString key = readElementAsString(reader);
           map.insert(key, readOneElement(reader));
       }
       if (reader.lastError() == QCborError::NoError)
           reader.leaveContainer();
   }

The example above uses a function called readElementAsString to read the map's keys and obtain a string. That is because CBOR maps may contain any type as keys, not just strings. User code needs to either perform this conversion, reject non-string keys, or instead use a different container besides QVariantMap and QVariantHash. For example, if the map is expected to contain integer keys, which is recommended as it reduces stream size and parsing, the correct container would be \l{QMap}<int, QVariant> or \l{QHash}<int, QVariant>.

Note: The code above does not validate that the length is a sensible value. If the input stream reports that the length is 1 billion elements, the above function will try to allocate some 24 GB or more of RAM, which can lead to a crash.

See also type(), isArray(), isLengthKnown(), length(), enterContainer(), and leaveContainer().

bool QCborStreamReader::isNegativeInteger() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is a negative integer (that is if type() returns QCborStreamReader::NegativeInteger). If this function returns true, you may call toNegativeInteger() or toInteger() to read that value.

See also type(), toNegativeInteger(), toInteger(), isInteger(), and isUnsignedInteger().

bool QCborStreamReader::isNull() const

Returns true if the current element is the null value, false if it is anything else. Null values may be used to indicate the absence of some optional data.

Note: This function is not the opposite of isValid(). A Null value is a valid CBOR value.

See also type(), isSimpleType(), and toSimpleType().

bool QCborStreamReader::isSimpleType() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is any CBOR simple type, including a boolean value (true and false) as well as null and undefined. To find out which simple type this is, call toSimpleType(). Alternatively, to test for one specific simple type, call the overload that takes a QCborSimpleType parameter.

CBOR simple types are types that do not carry extra value. There are 255 possibilities, but there are currently only four values that have defined meaning. Code is not expected to cope with unknown simple types and may simply discard the stream as invalid if it finds an unknown one.

See also QCborSimpleType, type(), isSimpleType(QCborSimpleType), and toSimpleType().

bool QCborStreamReader::isSimpleType(QCborSimpleType st) const

Returns true if the type of the current element is the simple type st, false otherwise. If this function returns true, then toSimpleType() will return st.

CBOR simple types are types that do not carry extra value. There are 255 possibilities, but there are currently only four values that have defined meaning. Code is not expected to cope with unknown simple types and may simply discard the stream as invalid if it finds an unknown one.

See also QCborSimpleType, type(), isSimpleType(), and toSimpleType().

bool QCborStreamReader::isString() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is a text string (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::String). If this function returns true, you may call readString() to read that data.

See also type(), readString(), and isByteArray().

bool QCborStreamReader::isTag() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is a CBOR tag (that is, if type() returns QCborStreamReader::Tag). If this function returns true, you may call toTag() to read that data.

See also type() and toTag().

bool QCborStreamReader::isTrue() const

Returns true if the current element is the true value, false if it is anything else.

See also type(), isFalse(), isBool(), toBool(), isSimpleType(), and toSimpleType().

bool QCborStreamReader::isUndefined() const

Returns true if the current element is the undefined value, false if it is anything else. Undefined values may be encoded to indicate that some conversion failed or was not possible when creating the stream. QCborStreamReader never performs any replacement and this function will only return true if the stream contains an explicit undefined value.

See also type(), isSimpleType(), and toSimpleType().

bool QCborStreamReader::isUnsignedInteger() const

Returns true if the type of the current element is an unsigned integer (that is if type() returns QCborStreamReader::UnsignedInteger). If this function returns true, you may call toUnsignedInteger() or toInteger() to read that value.

See also type(), toUnsignedInteger(), toInteger(), isInteger(), and isNegativeInteger().

bool QCborStreamReader::isValid() const

Returns true if the current element is valid, false otherwise. The current element may be invalid if there was a decoding error or we've just parsed the last element in an array or map.

Note: This function is not the opposite of isNull(). Null is a normal CBOR type that must be handled by the application.

See also type() and isInvalid().

QCborError QCborStreamReader::lastError()

Returns the last error in decoding the stream, if any. If no error was encountered, this returns an QCborError::NoError.

See also isValid().

bool QCborStreamReader::leaveContainer()

Leaves the array or map whose items were being processed and positions the decoder at the next item after the end of the container. Returns true if leaving the container succeeded, false otherwise (usually, a parsing error). Each call to enterContainer() must be paired with a call to leaveContainer().

This function may only be called if hasNext() has returned false and containerDepth() is not zero. Calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also enterContainer(), parentContainerType(), and containerDepth().

quint64 QCborStreamReader::length() const

Returns the length of the string or byte array, or the number of items in an array or the number, of item pairs in a map, if known. This function must not be called if the length is unknown (that is, if isLengthKnown() returned false). It is an error to do that and it will cause QCborStreamReader to stop parsing the input stream.

See also isLengthKnown(), QCborStreamWriter::startArray(), and QCborStreamWriter::startMap().

bool QCborStreamReader::next(int maxRecursion = 10000)

Advance the CBOR stream decoding one element. You should usually call this function when parsing fixed-width basic elements (that is, integers, simple values, tags and floating point values). But this function can be called when the current item is a string, array or map too and it will skip over that entire element, including all contained elements.

This function returns true if advancing was successful, false otherwise. It may fail if the stream is corrupt, incomplete or if the nesting level of arrays and maps exceeds maxRecursion. Calling this function when hasNext() has returned false is also an error. If this function returns false, lastError() will return the error code detailing what the failure was.

See also lastError(), isValid(), and hasNext().

QCborStreamReader::Type QCborStreamReader::parentContainerType() const

Returns either QCborStreamReader::Array or QCborStreamReader::Map, indicating whether the container that contains the current item was an array or map, respectively. If we're currently parsing the root element, this function returns QCborStreamReader::Invalid.

See also containerDepth() and enterContainer().

StringResult<QByteArray> QCborStreamReader::readByteArray()

Decodes one byte array chunk from the CBOR string and returns it. This function is used for both regular and chunked contents, so the caller must always loop around calling this function, even if isLengthKnown() has is true. The typical use of this function is as follows:

   QBytearray decodeBytearray(QCborStreamReader &reader)
   {
       QBytearray result;
       auto r = reader.readBytearray();
       while (r.code == QCborStreamReader::Ok) {
           result += r.data;
           r = reader.readByteArray();
       }

       if (r.code == QCborStreamReader::Error) {
           // handle error condition
           result.clear();
       }
       return result;
   }

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from integers or from strings. Therefore, it may only be called if isByteArray() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also readString(), isByteArray(), and readStringChunk().

StringResult<QString> QCborStreamReader::readString()

Decodes one string chunk from the CBOR string and returns it. This function is used for both regular and chunked string contents, so the caller must always loop around calling this function, even if isLengthKnown() has is true. The typical use of this function is as follows:

   QString decodeString(QCborStreamReader &reader)
   {
       QString result;
       auto r = reader.readString();
       while (r.code == QCborStreamReader::Ok) {
           result += r.data;
           r = reader.readString();
       }

       if (r.code == QCborStreamReader::Error) {
           // handle error condition
           result.clear();
       }
       return result;
   }

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from integers or from byte arrays. Therefore, it may only be called if isString() returned true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also readByteArray(), isString(), and readStringChunk().

StringResult<qsizetype> QCborStreamReader::readStringChunk(char *ptr, qsizetype maxlen)

Reads the current string chunk into the buffer pointed to by ptr, whose size is maxlen. This function returns a StringResult object, with the number of bytes copied into ptr saved in the \l StringResult::data member. The \l StringResult::status member indicates whether there was an error reading the string, whether data was copied or whether this was the last chunk.

This function can be called for both String and ByteArray types. For the latter, this function will read the same data that readByteArray() would have returned. For strings, it returns the UTF-8 equivalent of the QString that would have been returned.

This function is usually used alongside currentStringChunkSize() in a loop. For example:

    QCborStreamReader<qsizetype> result;
    do {
        qsizetype size = reader.currentStringChunkSize();
        qsizetype oldsize = buffer.size();
        buffer.resize(oldsize + size);
        result = reader.readStringChunk(buffer.data() + oldsize, size);
    } while (result.status() == QCborStreamReader::Ok);

Unlike readByteArray() and readString(), this function is not limited by implementation limits of QByteArray and QString.

Note: This function does not perform verification that the UTF-8 contents are properly formatted. That means this function does not produce the QCborError::InvalidUtf8String error, even when readString() does.

See also currentStringChunkSize(), readString(), readByteArray(), isString(), and isByteArray().

void QCborStreamReader::reparse()

Reparses the current element. This function must be called when more data becomes available in the source QIODevice after parsing failed due to reaching the end of the input data before the end of the CBOR stream.

When reading from QByteArray(), the addData() function automatically calls this function. Calling it when the reading had not failed is a no-op.

void QCborStreamReader::reset()

Resets the source back to the beginning and clears the decoder state. If the source data was a QByteArray, QCborStreamReader will restart from the beginning of the array.

If the source data is a QIODevice, this function will call QIODevice::reset(), which will seek to byte position 0. If the CBOR stream is not found at the beginning of the device (e.g., beginning of a file), then this function will likely do the wrong thing. Instead, position the QIODevice to the right offset and call setDevice().

See also clear() and setDevice().

void QCborStreamReader::setDevice(QIODevice *device)

Sets the source of data to device, resetting the decoder to its initial state.

See also device().

bool QCborStreamReader::toBool() const

Returns the boolean value of the current element.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from integer. Therefore, it may only be called if isTrue(), isFalse() or isBool() returned true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also isBool(), isTrue(), isFalse(), and toInteger().

double QCborStreamReader::toDouble() const

Returns the 64-bit double-precision floating point value of the current element.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from other floating point types or from integer values. Therefore, it may only be called if isDouble() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also isDouble(), toFloat16(), and toFloat().

qfloat16 QCborStreamReader::toFloat16() const

Returns the 16-bit half-precision floating point value of the current element.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from other floating point types or from integer values. Therefore, it may only be called if isFloat16() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also isFloat16(), toFloat(), and toDouble().

float QCborStreamReader::toFloat() const

Returns the 32-bit single-precision floating point value of the current element.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from other floating point types or from integer values. Therefore, it may only be called if isFloat() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also isFloat(), toFloat16(), and toDouble().

qint64 QCborStreamReader::toInteger() const

Returns the integer value of the current element, be it negative, positive or zero. If the value is larger than 263 - 1 or smaller than -263, the returned value will overflow and will have an incorrect sign. If handling those values is required, use toUnsignedInteger() or toNegativeInteger() instead.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from boolean or CBOR tag. Therefore, it may only be called if isInteger() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also isInteger(), toUnsignedInteger(), and toNegativeInteger().

QCborNegativeInteger QCborStreamReader::toNegativeInteger() const

Returns the negative integer value of the current element. QCborNegativeValue is a 64-bit unsigned integer containing the absolute value of the negative number that was stored in the CBOR stream. Additionally, QCborNegativeValue(0) represents the number -264.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from boolean or CBOR tag. Therefore, it may only be called if isNegativeInteger() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

This function may be used to obtain numbers beyond the range of the return type of toInteger(). However, use of negative numbers smaller than -263 is extremely discouraged.

See also type(), toInteger(), isNegativeInteger(), and isUnsignedInteger().

QCborSimpleType QCborStreamReader::toSimpleType() const

Returns value of the current simple type.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from integer. Therefore, it may only be called if isSimpleType() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

See also isSimpleType(), isTrue(), isFalse(), isBool(), isNull(), and isUndefined().

QCborTag QCborStreamReader::toTag() const

Returns the tag value of the current element.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from integer. Therefore, it may only be called if isTag() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

Tags are 64-bit numbers attached to generic CBOR types that give them further meaning. For a list of known tags, see the QCborKnownTags enumeration.

See also isTag(), toInteger(), and QCborKnownTags.

quint64 QCborStreamReader::toUnsignedInteger() const

Returns the unsigned integer value of the current element.

This function does not perform any type conversions, including from boolean or CBOR tag. Therefore, it may only be called if isUnsignedInteger() is true; calling it in any other condition is an error.

This function may be used to obtain numbers beyond the range of the return type of toInteger().

See also type(), toInteger(), isUnsignedInteger(), and isNegativeInteger().

QCborStreamReader::Type QCborStreamReader::type() const

Returns the type of the current element. It is one of the valid types or Invalid.

See also isValid(), isUnsignedInteger(), isNegativeInteger(), isInteger(), isByteArray(), isString(), isArray(), isMap(), isTag(), isSimpleType(), isBool(), isFalse(), isTrue(), isNull(), isUndefined(), isFloat16(), isFloat(), and isDouble().

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