QFileOpenEvent Class

The QFileOpenEvent class provides an event that will be sent when there is a request to open a file or a URL. More...

Header: #include <QFileOpenEvent>
CMake: find_package(Qt6 REQUIRED COMPONENTS Gui)
target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::Gui)
qmake: QT += gui
Inherits: QEvent

Public Functions

QString file() const
QUrl url() const

Detailed Description

File open events will be sent to the QApplication::instance() when the operating system requests that a file or URL should be opened. This is a high-level event that can be caused by different user actions depending on the user's desktop environment; for example, double clicking on an file icon in the Finder on macOS.

This event is only used to notify the application of a request. It may be safely ignored.

Note: This class is currently supported for macOS only.

macOS Example

In order to trigger the event on macOS, the application must be configured to let the OS know what kind of file(s) it should react on.

For example, the following Info.plist file declares that the application can act as a viewer for files with a PNG extension:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">

The following implementation of a QApplication subclass shows how to handle QFileOpenEvent to open the file that was, for example, dropped on the Dock icon of the application.

#include <QApplication>
#include <QDebug>
#include <QFileOpenEvent>
#include <QPushButton>

class MyApplication : public QApplication
    MyApplication(int &argc, char **argv)
        : QApplication(argc, argv)

    bool event(QEvent *event) override
        if (event->type() == QEvent::FileOpen) {
            QFileOpenEvent *openEvent = static_cast<QFileOpenEvent *>(event);
            const QUrl url = openEvent->url();
            if (url.isLocalFile()) {
                QFile localFile(url.toLocalFile());
                // read from local file
            } else if (url.isValid()) {
                // process according to the URL's schema
            } else {
                // parse openEvent->file()

        return QApplication::event(event);

Note how QFileOpenEvent::file() is not guaranteed to be the name of a local file that can be opened using QFile. The contents of the string depend on the source application.

Member Function Documentation

QString QFileOpenEvent::file() const

Returns the name of the file that the application should open.

This is not guaranteed to be the path to a local file.

QUrl QFileOpenEvent::url() const

Returns the url that the application should open.

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