Including Code Inline

The following commands are used to render source code without formatting. The source code begins on a new line, rendered in the code.

Note: Although most of these commands are for rendering C++ code, the \snippet and \codeline commands are preferred over the others. These commands allow equivalent code snippets for other Qt language bindings to be substituted for the C++ snippets in the documentation.

\code

The \code and \endcode commands enclose a snippet of source code.

Note: The \c command can be used for short code fragments within a sentence. The \code command is for longer code snippets. It renders the code verbatim in a separate paragraph in a html <pre> element, and parses the enclosed snippet, creating links to any known types in the code.

For documenting command-line instructions, shell scripts, or any content that is not in a Qt language recognized by QDoc, use \badcode instead.

When processing the \code command, QDoc removes all indentation that is common for the verbatim code blocks within a /*! ... */ comment before it adds the standard indentation.

Note: This doesn't apply to externally quoted code using the \quotefromfile or \quotefile command.

/ *!
    \code
        #include <QApplication>
        #include <QPushButton>

        int main(int argc, char *argv[])
        {
            ...
        }
    \ endcode
* /

QDoc renders this as:

#include <QApplication>
#include <QPushButton>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    ...
}

Other QDoc commands are disabled within \code... \endcode, and the special character '\' is accepted and rendered like the rest of the code, unless it is followed by a digit and parameters were passed to \code.

Code snippet parameters

Since QDoc version 5.12, \code command accepts also optional parameters. Parameters are useful for injecting simple strings into the code snippet. To inject a string to a specific location in the snippet, add a backslash followed by a digit (1..8). The digits correspond with the order of the argument list, where arguments are separated by spaces.

For example:

/ *!
\code * hello
/\1 \2 \1/
\ endcode
* /

For the above snippet, QDoc renders the word hello enclosed in a C-style comment.

Including code from external files

To include code snippets from an external file, use the \snippet and \codeline commands.

See also \c, \badcode, and \quotefromfile.

\badcode

Similar to \code, \badcode and \endcode commands enclose content that is rendered verbatim in a separate paragraph, but no parsing or automatic link creation is performed. Instead, the content is treated as plain text.

Substitute \code with this command when documenting command-line instructions, shell scripts or any other content that is not in a Qt language, but should still be styled similarly to a \code paragraph.

Like \code, \badcode accepts also optional parameters.

\newcode

The \newcode command is deprecated and marked for removal in Qt 6.4.

\oldcode

The \oldcode command is deprecated and marked for removal in Qt 6.4.

\qml

The \qml and \endqml commands enclose a snippet of QML source code.

/ *!
    \qml
        import QtQuick 2.0

        Row {
            Rectangle {
                width: 100; height: 100
                color: "blue"
                transform: Translate { y: 20 }
            }
            Rectangle {
                width: 100; height: 100
                color: "red"
                transform: Translate { y: -20 }
            }
        }
    \endqml
* /

QDoc renders this as:

import QtQuick 2.0

Row {
    Rectangle {
        width: 100; height: 100
        color: "blue"
        transform: Translate { y: 20 }
    }
    Rectangle {
        width: 100; height: 100
        color: "red"
        transform: Translate { y: -20 }
    }
}

Like the \code command, \qml accepts optional parameters.

© 2021 The Qt Company Ltd. Documentation contributions included herein are the copyrights of their respective owners. The documentation provided herein is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License version 1.3 as published by the Free Software Foundation. Qt and respective logos are trademarks of The Qt Company Ltd. in Finland and/or other countries worldwide. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.