QNetworkCookieJar Class

The QNetworkCookieJar class implements a simple jar of QNetworkCookie objects. More...

Header: #include <QNetworkCookieJar>
CMake: find_package(Qt6 REQUIRED COMPONENTS Network)
target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::Network)
qmake: QT += network
Inherits: QObject

Public Functions

QNetworkCookieJar(QObject *parent = nullptr)
virtual ~QNetworkCookieJar()
virtual QList<QNetworkCookie> cookiesForUrl(const QUrl &url) const
virtual bool deleteCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie)
virtual bool insertCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie)
virtual bool setCookiesFromUrl(const QList<QNetworkCookie> &cookieList, const QUrl &url)
virtual bool updateCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie)

Protected Functions

QList<QNetworkCookie> allCookies() const
void setAllCookies(const QList<QNetworkCookie> &cookieList)
virtual bool validateCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie, const QUrl &url) const

Detailed Description

Cookies are small bits of information that stateless protocols like HTTP use to maintain some persistent information across requests.

A cookie is set by a remote server when it replies to a request and it expects the same cookie to be sent back when further requests are sent.

The cookie jar is the object that holds all cookies set in previous requests. Web browsers save their cookie jars to disk in order to conserve permanent cookies across invocations of the application.

QNetworkCookieJar does not implement permanent storage: it only keeps the cookies in memory. Once the QNetworkCookieJar object is deleted, all cookies it held will be discarded as well. If you want to save the cookies, you should derive from this class and implement the saving to disk to your own storage format.

This class implements only the basic security recommended by the cookie specifications and does not implement any cookie acceptance policy (it accepts all cookies set by any requests). In order to override those rules, you should reimplement the cookiesForUrl() and setCookiesFromUrl() virtual functions. They are called by QNetworkReply and QNetworkAccessManager when they detect new cookies and when they require cookies.

See also QNetworkCookie, QNetworkAccessManager, QNetworkReply, QNetworkRequest, and QNetworkAccessManager::setCookieJar().

Member Function Documentation

[explicit] QNetworkCookieJar::QNetworkCookieJar(QObject *parent = nullptr)

Creates a QNetworkCookieJar object and sets the parent object to be parent.

The cookie jar is initialized to empty.

[virtual noexcept] QNetworkCookieJar::~QNetworkCookieJar()

Destroys this cookie jar object and discards all cookies stored in it. Cookies are not saved to disk in the QNetworkCookieJar default implementation.

If you need to save the cookies to disk, you have to derive from QNetworkCookieJar and save the cookies to disk yourself.

[protected] QList<QNetworkCookie> QNetworkCookieJar::allCookies() const

Returns all cookies stored in this cookie jar. This function is suitable for derived classes to save cookies to disk, as well as to implement cookie expiration and other policies.

See also setAllCookies() and cookiesForUrl().

[virtual] QList<QNetworkCookie> QNetworkCookieJar::cookiesForUrl(const QUrl &url) const

Returns the cookies to be added to when a request is sent to url. This function is called by the default QNetworkAccessManager::createRequest(), which adds the cookies returned by this function to the request being sent.

If more than one cookie with the same name is found, but with differing paths, the one with longer path is returned before the one with shorter path. In other words, this function returns cookies sorted decreasingly by path length.

The default QNetworkCookieJar class implements only a very basic security policy (it makes sure that the cookies' domain and path match the reply's). To enhance the security policy with your own algorithms, override cookiesForUrl().

See also setCookiesFromUrl() and QNetworkAccessManager::setCookieJar().

[virtual] bool QNetworkCookieJar::deleteCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie)

Deletes from cookie jar the cookie found to have the same identifier as cookie.

Returns true if a cookie was deleted, false otherwise.

See also QNetworkCookie::hasSameIdentifier().

[virtual] bool QNetworkCookieJar::insertCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie)

Adds cookie to this cookie jar.

Returns true if cookie was added, false otherwise.

If a cookie with the same identifier already exists in the cookie jar, it will be overridden.

[protected] void QNetworkCookieJar::setAllCookies(const QList<QNetworkCookie> &cookieList)

Sets the internal list of cookies held by this cookie jar to be cookieList. This function is suitable for derived classes to implement loading cookies from permanent storage, or their own cookie acceptance policies by reimplementing setCookiesFromUrl().

See also allCookies() and setCookiesFromUrl().

[virtual] bool QNetworkCookieJar::setCookiesFromUrl(const QList<QNetworkCookie> &cookieList, const QUrl &url)

Adds the cookies in the list cookieList to this cookie jar. Before being inserted cookies are normalized.

Returns true if one or more cookies are set for url, otherwise false.

If a cookie already exists in the cookie jar, it will be overridden by those in cookieList.

The default QNetworkCookieJar class implements only a very basic security policy (it makes sure that the cookies' domain and path match the reply's). To enhance the security policy with your own algorithms, override setCookiesFromUrl().

Also, QNetworkCookieJar does not have a maximum cookie jar size. Reimplement this function to discard older cookies to create room for new ones.

See also cookiesForUrl(), QNetworkAccessManager::setCookieJar(), and QNetworkCookie::normalize().

[virtual] bool QNetworkCookieJar::updateCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie)

If a cookie with the same identifier as cookie exists in this cookie jar it will be updated. This function uses insertCookie().

Returns true if cookie was updated, false if no cookie in the jar matches the identifier of cookie.

See also QNetworkCookie::hasSameIdentifier().

[virtual protected] bool QNetworkCookieJar::validateCookie(const QNetworkCookie &cookie, const QUrl &url) const

Returns true if the domain and path of cookie are valid, false otherwise. The url parameter is used to determine if the domain specified in the cookie is allowed.

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