QSpatialSound Class

A sound object in 3D space. More...

Header: #include <QSpatialSound>
CMake: find_package(Qt6 REQUIRED COMPONENTS SpatialAudio)
target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::SpatialAudio)
qmake: QT += spatialaudio
Inherits: QObject

Public Types

enum class DistanceModel { Logarithmic, Linear, ManualAttenuation }
enum Loops { Infinite, Once }

Properties

Public Functions

QSpatialSound(QAudioEngine *engine)
virtual ~QSpatialSound()
bool autoPlay() const
float directivity() const
float directivityOrder() const
float distanceCutoff() const
QSpatialSound::DistanceModel distanceModel() const
QAudioEngine *engine() const
int loops() const
float manualAttenuation() const
float nearFieldGain() const
float occlusionIntensity() const
QVector3D position() const
QQuaternion rotation() const
void setAutoPlay(bool autoPlay)
void setDirectivity(float alpha)
void setDirectivityOrder(float alpha)
void setDistanceCutoff(float cutoff)
void setDistanceModel(QSpatialSound::DistanceModel model)
void setLoops(int loops)
void setManualAttenuation(float attenuation)
void setNearFieldGain(float gain)
void setOcclusionIntensity(float occlusion)
void setPosition(QVector3D pos)
void setRotation(const QQuaternion &q)
void setSize(float size)
void setSource(const QUrl &url)
void setVolume(float volume)
float size() const
QUrl source() const
float volume() const

Public Slots

void pause()
void play()
void stop()

Signals

Detailed Description

QSpatialSound represents an audible object in 3D space. You can define its position and orientation in space, set the sound it is playing and define a volume for the object.

The object can have different attenuation behavior, emit sound mainly in one direction or spherically, and behave as if occluded by some other object.

Member Type Documentation

enum class QSpatialSound::DistanceModel

Defines how the volume of the sound scales with distance to the listener.

ConstantValueDescription
QSpatialSound::DistanceModel::Logarithmic0Volume decreases logarithmically with distance.
QSpatialSound::DistanceModel::Linear1Volume decreases linearly with distance.
QSpatialSound::DistanceModel::ManualAttenuation2Attenuation is defined manually using the manualAttenuation property.

enum QSpatialSound::Loops

Property Documentation

autoPlay : bool

Determines whether the sound should automatically start playing when a source gets specified.

The default value is true.

Access functions:

bool autoPlay() const
void setAutoPlay(bool autoPlay)

Notifier signal:

void autoPlayChanged()

directivity : float

Defines the directivity of the sound source. A value of 0 implies that the sound is emitted equally in all directions, while a value of 1 implies that the source mainly emits sound in the forward direction.

Valid values are between 0 and 1, the default is 0.

Access functions:

float directivity() const
void setDirectivity(float alpha)

Notifier signal:

void directivityChanged()

directivityOrder : float

Defines the order of the directivity of the sound source. A higher order implies a sharper localization of the sound cone.

The minimum value and default for this property is 1.

Access functions:

float directivityOrder() const
void setDirectivityOrder(float alpha)

Notifier signal:

void directivityOrderChanged()

distanceCutoff : float

Defines a distance beyond which sound coming from the source will cutoff. If the listener is further away from the sound object than the cutoff distance it won't be audible anymore.

Access functions:

float distanceCutoff() const
void setDistanceCutoff(float cutoff)

Notifier signal:

void distanceCutoffChanged()

distanceModel : DistanceModel

Defines distance model for this sound source. The volume starts scaling down from size to distanceCutoff. The volume is constant for distances smaller than size and zero for distances larger than the cutoff distance.

Access functions:

QSpatialSound::DistanceModel distanceModel() const
void setDistanceModel(QSpatialSound::DistanceModel model)

Notifier signal:

void distanceModelChanged()

See also QSpatialSound::DistanceModel.

loops : int

Determines how many times the sound is played before the player stops. Set to QSpatialSound::Infinite to play the current sound in a loop forever.

The default value is 1.

Access functions:

int loops() const
void setLoops(int loops)

Notifier signal:

void loopsChanged()

manualAttenuation : float

Defines a manual attenuation factor if distanceModel is set to QSpatialSound::DistanceModel::ManualAttenuation.

Access functions:

float manualAttenuation() const
void setManualAttenuation(float attenuation)

Notifier signal:

void manualAttenuationChanged()

nearFieldGain : float

Defines the near field gain for the sound source. Valid values are between 0 and 1. A near field gain of 1 will raise the volume of the sound signal by approx 20 dB for distances very close to the listener.

Access functions:

float nearFieldGain() const
void setNearFieldGain(float gain)

Notifier signal:

void nearFieldGainChanged()

occlusionIntensity : float

Defines how much the object is occluded. 0 implies the object is not occluded at all, 1 implies the sound source is fully occluded by another object.

A fully occluded object will still be audible, but especially higher frequencies will be dampened. In addition, the object will still participate in generating reverb and reflections in the room.

Values larger than 1 are possible to further dampen the direct sound coming from the source.

The default is 0.

Access functions:

float occlusionIntensity() const
void setOcclusionIntensity(float occlusion)

Notifier signal:

void occlusionIntensityChanged()

position : QVector3D

Defines the position of the sound source in 3D space. Units are in centimeters by default.

Access functions:

QVector3D position() const
void setPosition(QVector3D pos)

Notifier signal:

void positionChanged()

See also QAudioEngine::distanceScale.

rotation : QQuaternion

Defines the orientation of the sound source in 3D space.

Access functions:

QQuaternion rotation() const
void setRotation(const QQuaternion &q)

Notifier signal:

void rotationChanged()

size : float

Defines the size of the sound source. If the listener is closer to the sound object than the size, volume will stay constant. The size is also used to for occlusion calculations, where large sources can be partially occluded by a wall.

Access functions:

float size() const
void setSize(float size)

Notifier signal:

void sizeChanged()

source : QUrl

The source file for the sound to be played.

Access functions:

QUrl source() const
void setSource(const QUrl &url)

Notifier signal:

void sourceChanged()

volume : float

Defines the volume of the sound.

Values between 0 and 1 will attenuate the sound, while values above 1 provide an additional gain boost.

Access functions:

float volume() const
void setVolume(float volume)

Notifier signal:

void volumeChanged()

Member Function Documentation

QSpatialSound::QSpatialSound(QAudioEngine *engine)

Creates a spatial sound source for engine. The object can be placed in 3D space and will be louder the closer to the listener it is.

[slot] void QSpatialSound::pause()

Pauses sound playback. Calling play() will continue playback.

[slot] void QSpatialSound::play()

Starts playing back the sound. Does nothing if the sound is already playing.

[slot] void QSpatialSound::stop()

Stops sound playback and resets the current position and current loop count to 0. Calling play() will start playback at the beginning of the sound file.

[virtual] QSpatialSound::~QSpatialSound()

Destroys the sound source.

QAudioEngine *QSpatialSound::engine() const

Returns the engine associated with this listener.

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