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Raspberry Pi 4 Quick Start Guide

Qt offers all the necessary tools to design, develop, build, and deploy your application onto the target.

This guide describes how to use the GUIs of Qt tools to develop Linux applications on a Raspberry Pi 4 device. It describes the overall process and provides step-by-step instructions for the following tasks:

  • Designing a simple UI using Qt Design Studio.
  • Creating a project in Qt Creator and utilizing the ready-made Boot to Qt image for the Raspberry Pi 4 device.
  • Building and debugging the project on the target hardware.

Note: Qt for Device Creation requires a license. If you don't have one, you can request a free trial.

Overview

The following figure illustrates the basic concept of the software development process when you're using Qt tools and Boot to Qt Software Stack.

  • Development Host is a development computer running Qt tools on Windows, Linux, or macOS.
  • Qt tools includes development tools such as Qt Creator and Qt Design Studio, and quality assurance (QA) tools such as Squish.
  • QBSP SDK contains a cross-compilation toolchain that is integrated into Qt Creator, and a device image that can be used to boot your device using Boot to Qt Software Stack.
  • Target HW is your development target that runs your embedded Linux application.
  • Upload and debug an application (via Ethernet, Wi-Fi, or USB). Use Qt Creator to upload and debug your application on the target HW.
  • Flash a QBSP image represents ways (such as SD card) to install Linux on the target hardware.

Applicable Raspberry Pi Target Devices

The instructions in this guide apply to the Raspberry Pi 4 target device.

Note: For more details on the supported target devices and development hosts, see Supported Target Devices and Development Hosts.

Installing Qt

Follow the procedures on this guide to get all the required resources, including Qt Creator and Qt Design Studio.

  1. Sign in to Qt Account Downloads.
  2. Download the Qt online installer. The installer is available for the following hosts:
    • Linux
    • macOS
    • Windows
  3. Open the installer.
  4. Continue to Installation Folder and select Custom installation.
  5. Select Next.
  6. In Select Components, select the latest official release of Qt. The required developer and designer tools (such as Qt Creator and Qt Design Studio) are preselected in the installer.
  7. Select Next.
  8. Continue to Ready to Install and select Install.

Note: If you have Qt already installed, use the Qt Maintenance Tool to install the missing tools.

Installing Boot to Qt Software Stack Using the Qt Online Installer

In the example procedure below, Boot to Qt Software Stack is installed for the Raspberry Pi 4.

  1. Open the Qt online installer.
  2. Continue to Select Components and open the top-level Boot to Qt Software Stack dropdown menu.
  3. Open the correct Qt release -specific Boot to Qt Software Stack dropdown menu.
  4. Select Raspberry Pi 4.
  5. Continue to Ready to Update and select Update.

Creating an Application UI

You can use Qt Design Studio to create a cross-platform UI, also for embedded Linux applications.

  1. Open Qt Design Studio.
  2. Select Create Project.
  3. In Presets, select General.
    • Name your project (also notice the project path to open it with Qt Creator).
    • Adjust display resolution and orientation to suit your display.
  4. Make sure your Target Qt Version matches the version of Qt installed on your machine.
  5. Select Create.

Now you can modify your UI as you wish. Once it is ready, select Save All to make sure that you can open your UI project in Qt Creator.

Installing Boot to Qt on the Target Device

Before you can test your Qt applications on the target device, you must flash the target device with an image containing the Boot to Qt Software Stack. After you have successfully flashed your device, \B2QDL appears on the screen when you power on the device.

Flashing Boot to Qt Image to a microSD Card

The Boot to Qt image contains the Boot to Qt Software Stack for the Raspberry Pi 4 device. Flash the image to a microSD card as follows:

  1. Insert a microSD card into your host PC.
  2. Open Qt Creator.
  3. Select Tools > Flash Boot to Qt Device.
  4. Select Next.

After you have flashed the image to a microSD card, insert the card into your target HW and turn on your device.

The Raspberry Pi 4 device starts with Boot to Qt Startup Screen application by default and if it is connected to the Ethernet network, the application shows the IP address of the device. The application will also show the IP address if Qt Creator is running and an USB-C cable is connected between the host computer and the device.

Setting Up a Device

A Boot to Qt device can be connected either via USB or Ethernet/Wifi. The sections below provide instructions on how to set up a device using either USB or Ethernet/Wifi connectivity.

Setting Up a Device via USB

The target device can be connected to the host via USB On-the-Go (OTG). Once connected via a USB network, the device is automatically added to the Devices in Qt Creator.

The USB access to the target device supports two different USB protocols. The default RNDIS protocol can be used when connecting the target device to either a Linux or Windows host. When you want to connect the target device to a macOS host, you need to change to the CDC-ECM protocol.

Note: You can change the protocol from the Boot to Qt Startup Screen.

For more information on connecting a device via USB, see Setting Up USB Ethernet on Target Device.

Setting Up a Device via Ethernet/Wifi

In addition to connecting the device via USB, it can be set up via Ethernet/Wifi as instructed below.

  1. Open Qt Creator.
  2. Select Edit > Preferences.
  3. In the Preferences window:
    1. Select Devices.
    2. Select Add > Boot2Qt Device > Start Wizard.
  4. In the Boot2Qt Network Device Setup window:
    1. Enter the Device name.
    2. Enter the Device address (IP address of the Raspberry Pi 4 device).
    3. Select Finish.
  5. On the Devices tab:
    • Select OK.

Note: Qt Creator uploads the application over the IP network, so the Raspberry Pi 4 device has to be in the same network as your development host PC.

Configuring and Building an Application

  1. Open Qt Creator.
  2. Navigate to the project you created with Qt Design Studio.
  3. Select CMakeLists.txt to open the project.
  4. In the Configure Project window:
    • Select your Raspberry Pi 4 kit.
    • Select Configure Project.

Finally, select Build > Build Project to build the project you configured.

Running an Application on a Device

After setting up your device, you can upload and start your application on the Raspberry Pi 4 device.

  1. Open Qt Creator.
  2. Select File > Open File or Project.
  3. Navigate to the project you configured earlier and select Open.
  4. In the Projects window:
    • Edit the Run Settings if necessary.
    • Select Run.

Note: To make changes to your application, you can update it on the device simply by running it again.

For more information on how to deploy Qt projects to the device, see Tutorial: Deploying Your First Project with Boot to Qt.

Debugging an Application

For more information on using Qt Creator to debug an application, see Debugging.

Troubleshooting

If you have any issues with your Raspberry Pi 4 device, such as how to debug via the serial port connection, turn to Raspberry Pi forum for more information.

For more information on troubleshooting Boot to Qt, see Troubleshooting.

Available under certain Qt licenses.
Find out more.