STM32H750B Discovery Kit
This topic provides the necessary information about STM's STM32H750B discovery kit.
- ARM® Cortex®-M7
- 4.3” RGB Touch Display
- 128-Mbit SDRAM
- 1-Mbit NOR Flash
- 4-Gbyte on-board eMMC
The reference port for this board supports 16bpp and 32bpp (default) color depths. The board also supports 24bpp, but it is not implemented in the reference port. See QUL_COLOR_DEPTH and Color depth for more information.
Note: The prebuilt platform library is provided for default 32bpp only. For 16bpp color depth, the platform library has to be rebuilt with QUL_COLOR_DEPTH value set to 16. See Building Qt Quick Ultralite platform library against the evaluation packages to build platform from sources.
The package for
STM32H750B board comes with a prebuilt thermo demo binary. You can find it in the
See Bootloader Flashing Instructions for ST boards for instructions on how to flash the bootloader (required for STM32H750B) and Flashing Instructions for ST boards on how to flash an application binary to the device.
By default, the output of
printf calls is redirected to a virtual serial port, which is exposed on the host machine via USB.
The reference port utilizes the STMicroelectronics Chrom-Art Accelerator™ (DMA2D) for hardware accelerated graphics.
DMA2D is a specialized direct memory access (DMA) accelerator dedicated to image manipulation. It can perform the following operations:
- Fill an image with a specific color.
- Copy a source image into a destination image.
- Copy a source image into a destination image with a pixel format conversion.
- Blend two complete source images with different pixel formats and copy the result into a destination image with pixel format conversion.
All of the listed operations can be done for a part or whole image.
For more information, refer to STMicroelectronics' documentation:
For more information about the STM32H750XB MCU-specific peripherals mentioned below, refer to STMicroelectronics' documentation:
Note: In the following sections both low layer (LL) and hardware abstraction layer (HAL) refer to the STM32Cube abstraction layers.
The hardware configuration for the
STM32H750B-DK board is comprised of STM32CubeMX generated code and peripheral BSP drivers from the
STM32Cube MCU Package for STM32H7 series repository.
All the STM32CubeMX generated code (except the system clock configuration) is located in the
The folder includes configurations for:
- Bootloader, MPU, QSPI and SDRAM -
- GPIO and clocks -
- Interrupt routines -
- USART -
The system clock configuration is located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
SystemClock_Config() function is declared weak, so that it can be overridden by a custom clock configuration.
The ARM Cortex-M SysTick timer is configured as the timebase source in the STM32Cube MCU package repository file
Drivers/STM32H7xx_HAL_Driver/Src/stm32h7xx_hal.c with the
The low layer (LL)
SysTick_Handler() function is located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
The low layer (LL) processor exception and peripheral interrupt handlers are located in
The hardware abstraction layer (HAL) interrupt handlers for the LCD-TFT display controller (LTDC) interrupt callbacks and the touch interrupt pin callback are located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
The DMA2D configuration is located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
The nested vectored interrupt controller (NVIC) and clock configuration for DMA2D are located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
You can find the LCD-TFT display controller (LTDC) configuration settings in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
You can use the
setLcdClockConfiguration() function to give the clock settings for LTDC.
The LTDC clock enabling and GPIO configuration settings are located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
For the QSPI configuration, check
BSP_QSPI_Init() for peripheral settings and
QSPI_MspInit() for pinout/clock configuration from the
The QSPI is configured to memory-mapped mode in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
You can find the random number generator (RNG) initialization in Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
The clock configuration for the RNG hardware instance is located in
The SDRAM BSP configuration is located in the STM32Cube MCU package repository file
The SDRAM MPU configuration is located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
The touch panel configuration is located in the STM32Cube MCU package repository file
The touch panel driver IC is connected to the I2C4 hardware instance and the touch interrupt signal is connected to the GPIOG pin 2.
The I2C4 configuration is in a function called
MX_I2C4_Init(), which is located in the STM32Cube MCU package repository file
The USART3 hardware instance is used for logs over the virtual COM port. The USART3 configuration is located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
The GPIO and clock configuration for USART3 are located in the Qt Quick Ultralite platform source file
Only the SDK version 1.11.1 is supported.
Due to limited SDRAM bandwidth, accessing SDRAM with the CPU may cause visual artifacts while the framebuffer is being scanned by the display controller, due to LTDC FIFO Underrun.
LTDC FIFO Underrun has also been observed in applications with heavy animations, even when the SDRAM is not accessed directly from the CPU. It might help to use a different build type or to simplify the animations.
To prevent visual artifacts from appearing, try to reduce the use of rotated or perspective-transformed images that need to be blended using the CPU.
The CPU on this board cannot blend compressed images directly onto the framebuffer in SDRAM. Such images are decompressed into intermediate buffers of a limited size, before blending them using DMA2D onto the framebuffer in SDRAM. This approach has a significant performance overhead to blend RLE-compressed images compared to the uncompressed images.
Performance can be improved to some degree by increasing the size of qul_scratch_buffer in platform_stm32.cpp, at the cost of more RAM usage.
Available under certain Qt licenses.
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